Ida Bell Wells-Barnett

(redirected from Ida B. Wells)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Wells-Barnett, Ida Bell,

1862–1931, African-American civil-rights advocate and feminist, b. Holly Springs, Miss. Born a slave, she attended a freedman's school and was orphaned at 16. She moved (1880) to Memphis, taught in black schools, attended Fisk Univ., and became an editor and writer for two weekly newspapers. In 1884 she challenged railroad segregation, ultimately losing (1887) in Tennessee's state supreme court. Becoming a part owner of and reporter for the Memphis Free Speech and Headlight (1889–94), she campaigned against the inferior education available to African Americans. In addition, beginning in 1892, following the murder of a friend by a Memphis crowd, she became famous for her antilynching crusades (see lynchinglynching,
unlawfully hanging or otherwise killing a person by mob action. The term is derived from the older term lynch law, which is most likely named after either Capt. William Lynch (1742–1820), of Pittsylvania co., Va., or Col.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Later that year a white mob destroyed her newspaper's office and threatened to kill Wells. She subsequently moved to New York, became part owner and writer for the New York Age, and again attacked lynching. Wells was also a strong advocate for women's rights, but differed with many other feminists in her insistence on racial justice. Settling finally in Chicago, she wrote for two newspapers, married lawyer Ferdinand Lee Barnett, wrote a book on lynching (1895), created social programs for young black men and women, and worked to improve race relations in the city.


See her autobiography (1970); T. Harris, ed., The Selected Works of Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1991); M. DeCosta-Willis, ed., The Memphis Diary of Ida B. Wells (1995); J. Jones-Royster, ed., Southern Horrors and Other Writings: The Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, 1892–1900 (1996); biographies by L. O. McMurry (1999) and P. J. Giddings (2008); studies by M. I. Thompson (1990), L. S. Jimison, ed. (1994), P. A. Schechter (2001), and J. W. Davidson (2007).

Wells-Barnett, Ida Bell

(1862–1931) civil rights advocate; born in Holy Springs, Miss. Born a slave, she attended Rust College after emancipation and taught school in Memphis, Tenn. (1884–91); she was fired for writings critical of segregated education. In 1892, as part-owner and editor of a Memphis newspaper, she published articles denouncing the lynching of three acquaintances; warned to stay out of town, she went to the Northeast and became a renowned antilynching activist, and she published works on the subject. After her marriage to a Chicago editor and lawyer (1895), she was secretary of the National Afro-American Council (1898–1902) and helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (1910)—which she found too conservative. She also campaigned for women's suffrage.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wells: Southern Horrors: Lynch I Law In All Its Phases (1892); The Red Record: Tabulated Statistics and I Alleged Causes of Lynching in the United States (1895); Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B.
In 1893 and 1894, after a series of high-profile lynchings in the US, African American journalist and civil rights activist Ida B.
In addition to her writings on lynching and her work in Chicago, Ida B.
Their daughter Alfreda edited Ida's already-begun life story, Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B.
Overall, "They Say" is highly engaging, immersing readers in the experiences and environment of Ida B.
Due, senior counsel and Diversity Council chair of CNN, was honored with the Ida B.
Writing about the return voyage from her first trip to the United Kingdom in 1893, Ida B.
Former SPJ president Reginald Stuart, corporate recruiter for Knight Ridder, recently was named 2005 winner of the Ida B.
Schechter's analysis of these struggles, in turn, provides us with a far more detailed and nuanced understanding of the life and career of Ida B.
Williams was recently presented with the 2002 Ida B.
A few years earlier, he had seen a PBS documentary on Ida B.
Key critical concepts such as "mobile subjectivity" and "resistant truth-telling" help illuminate the complex labors and travels of other 19th-century black women such as Ellen Craft, Sarah Parker Remond, Harriet Jacobs, Amanda Berry Smith, and Ida B.