Edfu(ĕd`–), town (1986 pop. 45,737), S central Egypt, on the Nile River. It is an agricultural trade center and has paper mills and a sugar refinery. Idfu was the capital of a predynastic upper Egyptian kingdom that flourished c.3400 B.C. and worshiped HorusHorus
, in Egyptian religion, sky god, god of light and goodness. One of the most important of the Egyptian deities, Horus was the son of Osiris and Isis. In a famous myth he avenged the murder of his father by defeating Set, the god of evil and darkness.
..... Click the link for more information. . Later, a large sandstone temple of Horus was built there by Ptolemy III and Ptolemy IV. It is one of the finest extant examples of Egyptian temple architecture. Excavations have yielded a field of mastabas dating from the Old Kingdom, a Roman necropolis, and Coptic and Byzantine remains. The town was known to the Greeks, who identified Horus with Apollo, as Apollinopolis Magna.
a city in the Arab Republic of Egypt, in Upper Egypt. Population, 27,300 (1966). Idfu is a port on the Nile River and a railroad station. It has sugar and cellulose paper industries; it is also a trade center for agricultural produce. Handicrafts are manufactured in Idfu.