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Lateral curvature of the spine.



a lateral deviation of the spine in man. Scoliosis develops during the period of rapid growth of the spine, between the ages of five and 15; it is three to six times more common in girls. The deviation may be to the left or to the right. Scoliosis generally occurs in the thoracic segment of the spine. It may subsequently also affect the lumbar segment, causing S-shaped scoliosis. If scoliosis is pronounced, the pelvis becomes misaligned, the gait is abnormal, and lung and heart functions are impaired. Scoliosis combined with kyphosis is called kyphoscoliosis.

Scoliosis may be congenital, caused by abnormal embryonic development, or acquired. Acquired scoliosis may develop from rickets, injuries (usually after a spinal fracture in the lumbar segment), paralysis (for example, during poliomyelitis), or reflex pain (for example, if the sciatic nerve becomes inflamed, resulting in the reflex strain of spinal muscles). Children who do not sit properly at their school desks are often afflicted with scoliosis; this type of scoliosis is usually accompanied by rachitic scoliosis.

Preventive measures are based on eliminating the main causes of the disease. Health standards should be observed in designing children’s furniture, and children should be taught to sit properly at a desk or table. Therapy includes swimming and exercise. Those with pronounced scoliosis can wear special corrective corsets or have surgical treatment.


Movshovich, 1. A. Skolioz. Moscow, 1964.
Liandres, Z. A., and L. K. Zakrevskii. Operativnoe lechente skoliozov u detei. Leningrad, 1967. (Contains bibliography.)


References in periodicals archive ?
Observations in this study showed that idiopathic scoliosis produces restrictive type of pulmonary defect.
Demographic characteristics of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients and control subjects Control groups (n=42) Variables n % Mean[+ or -]SD n Age (year) 12.
Association between adolescent idiopathic scoliosis prevalence and age at menarche in different geographic latitudes.
Gallo, " Control of Idiopathic Scoliosis Treatment in 147 Patients while using the RSC Brace," JPO Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, vol.
Levels of platelet calmodulin for the prediction of progression and severity of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Congenital scoliosis due to hemivertebra is more likely to show rapid progression at a younger age than juvenile idiopathic scoliosis and a referral for a surgical opinion at an early age is necessary.
Weinstein and his colleagues performed the Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Trial (BRAIST) to compare bracing against observation alone in preventing the progression of scoliosis to 50 degrees or more, a common indication for surgery.
13) In patients with scoliosis secondary to cerebral palsy and myelomeningocele, Kretzler and associates reported an SSI rate of 11%, as compared with a rate of 1% for idiopathic scoliosis.
These include cervical disk herniation, cervical trauma, lumbar spondylolisthesis, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, diskitis and vertebral osteomyelitis of the spine, and metastatic diseases of the spine.
Dr Sabyasachi Banerjee, senior specialist and surgeon of orth-opaedics and trauma at Muscat Private Hospital, said there are three causes of the deformity - congenital scoliosis present at birth, neuromuscular scoliosis caused by muscle weakness or par-alysis, and idiopathic scoliosis (unknown cause), which is the most common form.
Ellen Wagstaff, 12, from Formby, was diagnosed with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis 10 months ago, and since then her condition has rapidly deteriorated.
Ellen Wagstaff, 12, from Formby was diagnosed with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis 10 months ago and since then her condition has rapidly deteriorated.

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