Idrisids

Idrisids

(ĭd`rĭsĭdz'), two historic Muslim families. 1 An Arab Shiite dynasty of Morocco (788–974), founded by Idris I, a descendant of caliph Ali. It was the first Shiite dynasty in the history of Islam. Having failed in an anti-Abbasid rebellion in Arabia, Idris fled to central Morocco, where he later established a state. His son, Idris II, became known as the founder of Fès. Berber insurrections and invasions by the Umayyads of Spain and the Fatimids of Tunisia brought an end to the Idrisid dynasty. 2 A family of rulers in Arabia at the beginning of the 20th cent. The first ruler of the family was Sayyid Ahmad al-Idrisi, a descendant of the Idrisid family of Morocco, who established the Khardiriyah Idrisiyah, a strictly puritan religious brotherhood. Another member of the family, Sayyid Muhammad al-Sanusi, founded the SanusiSanusi
or Senussi
, Arabic Sanusiyya, a political-religious organization in Libya and Sudan founded in Mecca in 1837 by Muhammad bin Ali al-Sanusi (1791–1859), known as the Grand Sanusi.
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 brotherhood in N Africa. Idrisid rule in Arabia came to an end when Saudi Arabia came into being in 1934.

Idrisids

 

the Arab dynasty that ruled in the territory of present-day Morocco from the end of the eighth to the tenth century. The founder of the dynasty and the Idrisid state, Idris ibn Abdallah (ruled 788–792), fled from Arabia after unsuccessful opposition against the Abbasids. In 789, he founded the city of Fez, which became the capital of the Idrisid state under Idris II (ruled 792–828). After the death of Idris II, the state broke up into independent principalities, which were liquidated by the troops of the Cordoba caliph in 974.

REFERENCE

Julien, C. A. Istoriia Severnoi Afriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1961. Pages 51–55.(Translated from French.)
References in periodicals archive ?
This exhibition gives an overview of the civilizational, aesthetic and artistic aspects of these religious buildings, dating from the Idrisids dynasty to the Alaouite dynasty, a fact which has endowed Morocco with a large number of religious monuments, notably the Hassan II Mosque.
49) Even the tactically secondary Tetuan (Titwan) (50) had in 337-8 AH/948-49 CE a fort significant enough to be of recurrent military and diplomatic interest to both the Umayyads and the local Idrisids.
53) Tangier did not need to be under Umayyad control if the Idrisids could be either induced to respect Umayyad power (whenever Fatimid military clout was not being directly felt), or could be enmeshed in checks and balances hinging on Umayyad relations with anti-Fatimid forces in Fez (whenever those forces prevailed).
Qasim) (56) branch of the Idrisids from 333 AH/944-5 CE.
65) The only thing that is certain is that the last of the tenth-century Idrisids, al-Hasan b.
Abd al-Rahman's great punitive expedition against the Idrisids as Galib was leaving Cordoba in mid-April 973 CE, and (b) caliphal reproaches to officials in the Maghrib for not proceeding quickly enough with fortification work at Tangeir was dated 7 May 973 CE, three weeks after Galib left cordoba.
Even though Abu 'l-'Aysh, feeling the keen edge of Umayyad intransigence, promptly defected to their side, more was now demanded of him and of his Idrisid relatives than a formal change of suzerainty.
Morocco can date its existence as a sovereign nation and state back to the eighth century Idrisids dynasty.
The Rustamid dynasty came to power on the basis of Kharijism; the Idrisids and the Fatimids were Shii dynasties; the Almoravids and the Almohads adopted reformist Islam; in Morocco, the Sa'dian and Filali dynasties were based upon the Sufi qualities of the leaders of the tribal-Islamic movements.