413-456; Nouvelles Inscriptions Arameennes D'Idumee, Tome II, Transeuphratene Supplement 9, Paris, Gabalda, 2002; Israel Eph'al y Joseph Naveh, Aramaic Ostraca of the Fourth Century bc from Idumaea
, Jerusalen, The Magnes Press, The Hebrew University, Israel Exploration Society, 1996; Bezalel Porten y Ada Yardeni, "Social, Economic, and Onomastic Issues in the Aramaic Ostraca of the Fourth Century B.C.E.", Lipschits y Oeming, op.
In Babylonian cuneiform documents and in Aramaic ostraca from Idumaea (1) also Antigonus Monophthalmus appears in the date formulas already before he accepted the royal title in 306 B.C.
Naveh, Aramaic Ostraca of the Fourth Century BC from Idumaea (Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, 1996); ISAP = Institute for the Study of Aramaic Papyri; L = A.
The Aramaic ostraca from Idumaea are a fairly recent discovery and the name of Antigonus was not immediately recognized (for this reading, see R.
(18) Such confusion must also have occurred in Idumaea.
Zadok, "Antigonus Monophthalmus in Documents from Idumaea," NABU 1997/54, has argued convincingly for this reading of three texts published by Eph'al and Naveh (Aramaic Ostraca, nos.
If posthumous dating by Philip's regnal years was done in Idumaea, then there was in addition to an eighth regnal year, also a ninth.
(1.) Also in Palestine documents were dated to Antigonus, as is clear in three Aramaic ostraca from Idumaea