Iglesias, Miguel

Iglesias, Miguel

(mēgĕl` ēglā`syäs), 1822–1901, president of Peru (1881–85). A general, he fought in the war with Chile (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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), distinguishing himself in the defense (1881) of Lima. Because the government failed to meet Chilean demands, Iglesias, supported by Chile, assumed the presidency and accepted the harsh terms of the Treaty of Ancón (1883). Many Peruvians refused to acknowledge him as president, and a revolution led by CáceresCáceres, Andrés Avelino
, 1836?–1923, president of Peru (1886–90, 1894). He was a commander in the war with Chile (see Pacific, War of the) and continued to wage guerrilla warfare long after Peru had been conquered.
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 was successful. Defeated in the ensuing election, Iglesias left the country.
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