Józef Ignacy Kraszewski

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Kraszewski, Józef Ignacy

 

Born July 28, 1812, in Warsaw; died Mar. 19, 1887, in Geneva. Polish writer.

The son of a nobleman, Kraszewski studied at the University of Wilno in 1829–30. He was imprisoned from 1830 to 1832 for participating in a secret patriotic organization. Banished from Russia in 1863, he settled in Dresden, where he remained until 1884. Throughout his life he was active in publishing and journalism. He began publishing in 1830, gradually evolving from a romantic to a realist writer. His literary legacy consists of about 600 volumes of prose, poetry, drama, literary criticism, publicistic articles, and works on history and philosophy.

A major Polish novelist, Kraszewski is known for his cycle of novels on the history of Poland (29 novels in 78 volumes), written between 1876 and 1887, of which the best from an artistic standpoint are The Countess Cosel (1874), Brühl (1875), and An Old Tale (1876). Kraszewski’s “peasant” novels, including Ulana (1843) and Ostap Bondarczuk (1847), deal with the painful problems of the serf village. Outstanding among his social novels on contemporary themes are The Magic Lantern (1843–44) and Morituri (1874–75). The classic Polish realist writers regarded Kraszewski as their forerunner and mentor.

WORKS

Cykl powieści historycznych, vols. 1–29. Warsaw, 1958–63.
In Russian translation:
Sobr. soch., books 1–52. St. Petersburg, 1915.
Staroe predanie. Moscow, 1956.
Povesti. Moscow, 1956.

REFERENCES

Vorovskii, V. V. “I. I. Kraszewski.” In Literaturno-kriticheskie stat’i. Moscow, 1956.
Lipatov, A. V. “luzef Ignatsii Krashevskii.” In Istoriiapol’skoi titeratury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
“Józef Ignacy Kraszewski.” In Bibliografia titeraturypolskiej: Nowy Korbut, vol. 12. Warsaw, 1966.

A. V. LIPATOV

References in periodicals archive ?
It presents parallel readings of Ziemia obiecana (The Promised Land, 1899) by Wtadystaw Stanislaw Reymont and Di brider Ashkenazi (The Brothers Ashkenazi, 1936) by Israel Joshua Singer, Isaac Bashevis Singer's The King of the Fields (Yiddish original Der kenig fun di felder, 1988) and Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski's Stara bean (Old Fairy Tale, 1876) as well as Avrum Sutzkever's poem "Tsu Poyln" ("To Poland," 1946), read in the context of Polish poetry of the Romantic period.
For example, Isaac Bashevis Singer's The King of the Fields (Der kenigfun difelder) can be treated as a Yiddish version of Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski's Stara bain (Old Fairy Tale, 1876).
(25.) For instance, at the beginning of Kraszewski's novel we have a sentence: "Na nogi wstawszy, oczy przetarf kufctkami" ("Having got up, he rubbed his eyes with his fists.") See Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski, Stara bain, ed.