Poland (Ignacy Paderewski
), Greece (Eleftherios Venizelos), China (Wellington Koo), Syria (Faisal I bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashemi) and other countries had legitimate claims, pressing them with various degrees of effectiveness.
The internationally famous Polish pianist Ignacy Paderewski
came to America to make dozens of speeches; raise huge sums of money; convince thousands to join the Polish forces forming in France; and inspire some influential American politicians, including Colonel Edward M.
Robert Schumann, Josef Hofmann, Ignacy Paderewski
, Edvard Grieg, Cecile Chaminade, Franz Liszt and countless others, have quite a bit to say about purpose, motivation, discipline, practice methodology, technique and even health and social skills.
Encouraged by Ignacy Paderewski
to pursue a career as a concert pianist, we're informed that Liberace embarked on a 20-year relationship with teacher and mentor Florence Bettray Kelly, who entered him in numerous local competitions, paving the way for his performance of Lizst's "Liebestraum'' with the Chicago Symphony.
Kraszewski, and Romain Rolland; artists such as Ignacy Paderewski
and Henryk Siemiradzki; translators such as Bronislaw Kozakiewicz in France and Alfred Jensen in Sweden; scholars such as Jan Aleksander Karlowicz, Bronislaw Morawski, and Karol Potkanski; journalists and publishers such as Adam Krechowiecki of Gazeta Lwowska and Edward Leo of Gazeta Polska; actors and directors such as Jozef Kotarbinski and Jozef Mikulski; politicians such as Gabriel Narutowicz and Eustachy Sanguszko; and friends and doctors (Sienkiewicz often complained about his health).
The following passage concerning the large audience of Polish immigrants who attended Ignacy Paderewski
's piano recitals in the United States exemplifies Parakilas's perceptiveness, as well as his occasional tendency to repeat himself:
In addition to Chopin's nineteen songs there are also songs by Stanislaw Niewiadomski, Stanislaw Moniuszko, Karol Szymanowski and Ignacy Paderewski
. Fortunately, all thirty-one songs are sung in Polish and it is hard to single out any one in particular: when pressed, this reviewer would opt for Chopin's 'My Darling'.
The conference also paid tribute to Henryk Sienkiewicz the man, described by Ignacy Paderewski
in 1915 as "the most praiseworthy, most estimable of all the living sons of Poland."
Alone among composers in partitioned Poland just before the generation of Karol Szymanowski, Karlowicz steered away from (so-called) nationalist incorporations of folk elements, as in the salon works of his near-exact contemporaries Feliks Nowowiejski, Eugeniusz Morawski, and Ignacy Paderewski
. Born to privilege in Lithuanian territory, schooled in his early years at Heidelberg and Dresden, Karlowicz came to music study as a citizen of Europe and, as Wightman illustrates, absorbed the language of late romanticism through study of Edvard Grieg, Peter Tchaikovsky, Richard Wagner, and Richard Strauss.
The studies in part 3 of the book, although nominally consigned to the category of "reception," nonetheless include valuable information on "style" while offering "profiles of the music." James Methuen-Campbell reviews the traditions of Chopin performance, including the approaches of early champions like Clara Schumann and Franz Liszt, as well as those of Theodor Leschetizky, Ignacy Paderewski
, Vladimir de Pachmann, and Alfred Cortot, all of them major Chopin interpreters.
(Loeffler auditioned incoming violinists at Juilliard for three years, regularly turning down invitations to teach there on a full- or part-time basis.) Knight also successfully re-creates the moneyed world of Boston "society," a world peopled by individuals who thought nothing of hiring the entire BSO or an artist of the level of Ignacy Paderewski
to play for a private concert.
Poland in the nineteenth century, divided up by its neighbors, was made illustrious by the virtuoso musicians who escaped it, from Maria Szymanowska and Frederic Chopin through Henryk Wieniawski and Carl Tausig to Ignacy Paderewski
. The names of a remarkable number of these musicians are still familiar worldwide through their compositions, though Chopin was the only one of them for whom composing can be considered much more than a byproduct of performing.