Ignatius of Antioch, Saint

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Ignatius of Antioch, Saint

(ĭgnā`shəs, ăn`tēŏk), d. c.107, bishop of Antioch and Christian martyr, called Theophorus [Gr.,= God-bearer]. He was probably a convert and a disciple of St. John the Evangelist. On his way to Rome to be martyred by the wild beasts of the amphitheater, he wrote the important letters to the churches in Rome and in Asia Minor, and to St. PolycarpPolycarp, Saint
, c.A.D. 70–A.D. 156?, Greek bishop of Smyrna, Father of the Church. He was a disciple of St. John, who appointed him bishop. Thus he linked the apostles and such 2d-century Christian expositors as St. Irenaeus. St. Polycarp was a close friend of St.
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. The seven epistles are an invaluable testimony to the beliefs and internal organization of the early Christians. St. Ignatius is the first writer to stress the virgin birth. He firmly denounced DocetismDocetism
[Gr.,=to appear], early heretical trend in Christian thought. Docetists claimed that Christ was a mere phantasm who only seemed to live and suffer. A similar tendency to deny Jesus' humanity appeared in the teachings of Simon Magus, Marcion, Gnosticism, and certain
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 and viewed the mystery of the Trinity as an assumed doctrine of faith. The only guarantee against heresy, he taught, is the church united under a bishop. St. Ignatius is the first in Christian literature to use the word Catholic. Feast: Feb. 1.

Bibliography

See J. A. Kleist, tr., The Epistles of St. Clement of Rome and St. Ignatius of Antioch (1946), V. Corwin, Saint Ignatius and Christianity in Antioch (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
Then he surveys early perspectives in such works at the Didache, Ignatius of Antioch's Epistle to the Magnesians, the Apology of Aristides, and Against Heresies by Irenaeus of Lyon.
His position, however, not only attempts to divorce Christianity from its Jewish roots, but entirely contradicts the opinion of the early Church Fathers (not least Ignatius of Antioch who pleads for Christians to unify around one altar, as they do one bishop).
Five days before Christmas on December 20 the Bulgarian Orthodox Church honors Saint Ignatius the God-bearer (Saint Ignatius of Antioch), quoted by the Bulgarian National Radio.A The holiday is also known as Ignazhden in Bulgaria.
Ignatius of Antioch that "the difficult days have passed and the crisis has become behind us and we can only see the unified Syria."
His argument emanates both from the earliest description of the church as catholic and four marks of a qualitative catholicity found within Ignatius of Antioch's writings to the Smyrneans.
The first surviving use of the word is in a letter by Bishop and Saint Ignatius of Antioch to the Christian community at Smyrna around 110.
Through the centuries, many have done so, for example: Maria Goretti; Ignatius of Antioch; Perpetua and Felicity; Agatha; Hippolytus; Thomas More; Charles Lwanga, Joseph Mukasa, Andrew Kaggwa and the other Catholic and Anglican men and boys who were burned alive for their faith by the king of Buganda; Lawrence and six other deacons under Emperor Valerian; Symphorosa and her seven children under Hadrian; Maximilian Kolbe and all who died in the Holocaust; all who continue to be persecuted and murdered in Africa and Asia simply because they are Christian.
Chapter 6 traces the widening gap between Christians and Jews from Matthew, to John, to the letters in Revelation, and finally to Ignatius of Antioch, where the church had emerged as separate.
He refers to Greek Fathers, such as Ignatius of Antioch and Irenaeus, in a limited way.
They include Clement of Rome, Ignatius of Antioch, Polycarp of Smyrna, the author of the Didache, and the author of the Shepherd of Hermas.
Robinson, Ignatius of Antioch and the Parting of the Ways: Early Jewish-Christian Relations.
His six chapters describe (1) the formation of the Pauline corpus, (2) the pseudepigraphic letters (Colossians, Ephesians, 2 Thessalonians, the Pastorals, and the non-canonical 3 Corinthians, Letters to Laodicea and Alexandria, and the correspondence between Paul and Seneca), (3) Paul's influence on the Epistolary tradition in early Christianity (Hebrews, James, 1 and 2 Peter, 1 Clement, Ignatius of Antioch, Polycarp and Dionysius of Corinth), (4) The Narrative Tradition (Acts and different Acta Apostolorum, Apocalypses and the Pseudo-Clementines, (5) Representatives of Anti-Paulinism (Matthew, Hegesippus, etc., and (6) Paul as interpreted from Marcion to Irenaeus (including Gnosticism).