Ignaz Seipel

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Seipel, Ignaz


Born July 19, 1876, in Vienna; died Aug. 2, 1932, in Pernitz. Austrian political figure. Leader of the Christian Socialist Party, professor of theology, and Catholic prelate.

In 1918, Seipel became the minister of social welfare in the last government of the Hapsburg monarchy. From 1922 to 1924 and from 1926 to 1929 he was the chancellor of Austria. Toward the end of 1930 he became Austria’s minister of foreign affairs. Seipel supported fascist organizations. His government dealt cruelly with the massive antifascist demonstration of Viennese workers, which took place in 1927 from July 15 to July 17.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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In so doing, he further enflamed the struggle between the arch-reactionary chancellor Ignaz Seipel, a Catholic priest and leader of the Christian Social Party, and the Social Democrat Karl Seitz, the mayor of "Red Vienna," (5) But it was The City Without Jews that caused the greatest outrage and provided Rothstock with a powerful motive for his crime.
(25) This outraged the chancellor, Ignaz Seipel, who called for "the rehabilitation of souls" (Seelensanierung) and the outlawing of publications such as Er und Sie and Bettauers Wochenschrift, a view that was shared by the Zionist paper Wiener Morgenzeitung, which described Bettauer as "a professional pimp disguised as a journalist," whose paper offered "the satisfaction of every imaginable sexual indulgence by people of all ages, even sixteen-year-olds, on provision of the client's age and due payment." (26) Hartner-Hnizdo agreed with this judgment, but questioned the paper's motives.
Chancellor Ignaz Seipel's Christian Social Party was founded by the prominent antisemite Karl Lueger and its program bore a close resemblance to that of the National Socialists, but Seipel was alarmed at the socialist elements within National Socialism and appalled at the movement's rejection of Christianity.