Filarete

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Filarete

(fē`lärĕ`tā), c.1400–c.1465, Italian architect and sculptor, whose real name was Antonio Averlino, b. Florence. In the 1430s he went to Rome, where he studied the monuments of antiquity. His most famous project was the bronze doors for St. Peter's. Although somewhat original in style, he was not a highly skillful artist. In 1451 he was summoned to Milan by Francesco Sforza to design parts of buildings. He wrote an important treatise, Trattato di architettura, defending the principles of ancient architecture.
References in periodicals archive ?
A partir de 1451, Antonio Averlino o Averulino detto il Filarete (4) (Florencia: c.
3) Square and circular forms became the basis of the Renaissance ideal city itself, evident in the work of il Filarete (1470), or Bonaiuto Lorini (1592) for example (Rykwert 1980, 219 n165).
The most valuable early description of the general practice of studying draperies arranged onto three dimensional models is, not surprisingly, by a sculptor--the Florentine, Antonio Averlino, better known as Il Filarete, who was eminent also as a theorist and architect.