Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.


(ē`lē`) or


(ē`lā), river of China and Kazakhstan, 590 mi (950 km) long, rising in the Tian Shan, NW Xinjiang, and flowing W across the China-Kazakhstan border, through the sandy Sary Ishikotrau Desert and into Lake Balkash. Yining (Kuldja), in Xinjiang, is the largest city on the river. The Ili is used for irrigation and is navigable in its middle course. The entire Ili valley was occupied by the Russians from 1871 to 1881, when the present border was established; China has regained only part of its original territory.



a river in the USSR and China. It rises in the Eastern Tien-Shan from two sources, the Tekes and the Kunges, which converge in Sinkiang (China). The river empties into Lake Balkhash. Length from the confluence of the Tekes and the Kunges, 1,001 km; from the source of the Tekes, 1,439 km. Basin area, 140,000 sq km.

In its upper reaches the Hi is a mountain river. Below the mouth of the major right-bank tributary, the Kash, the valley broadens, and the Hi divides into branches. Up to the city of Kapchagai, the river flows along the bottom of a broad hollow, with low banks that are swampy in places; lower on it enters the deep Kapchagai gorge, where the Kapchagai Hydroelectric Power Plant has been built. After the entrance of the last tributary, the Kurty River, the valley widens abruptly, and the river flows amid the sands of the Sary-Ishikotrau and the Taukum. The dry riverbed of the Bakanas branches off 340 km from the mouth of the Hi; the ancient delta of the Hi begins here. The present-day delta (area, 9,000 sq km) begins 100 km farther downstream; it has many branches, which are overgrown with reeds. The principal branches are the Zhideli, the Hi (navigable), and the Topar.

The Ili is fed by ice and snow. The average annual water discharge at the village of Uchzharma (270 km from the river’s mouth) is 479 m3/sec; where the river empties into Lake Balkhash, the discharge is 329 m3/sec. The average turbidity is about 1 kg/m3. The river freezes over in December and opens up in March. Its principal tributaries are the Kash and the Khorgos on the right and the Charyn, Chilik, Talgar, Kaskelen, and Kurty on the left. The Hi and its tributaries are very important for irrigation. The Hi has abundant fish, and its delta has muskrat industry. From the city of Kuldzha (Inin, China), the Hi River is suitable for navigation by vessels with a small displacement. Within the borders of the USSR there is regular navigation from the national frontier to the landing of Balkanas, below which trips are made by motor launches.


Shul’ts, V. L. Reki Srednei Azii, 2nd ed., parts 1–2. Leningrad, 1965.



Abbr. for “Indiana Limestone Institute.”
References in periodicals archive ?
ILI poses a significant risk in immunosuppressed and immunocompromised patients, including hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients, solid organ transplant recipients, and patients receiving chemotherapy.
As most deepwater pipelines are not designed with ILI experts involved early in the design process, they are frequently not conducive to easy inspection.
A total of 14 questions were given in the questionnaire to assess the students' awareness about the library website and types of library resources; familiarity with the name of online database in the health science field, identification of the characteristic features of selected library resources, testing the confidence level for literature search before and after the ILI session and to assess the effectiveness of ILI program.
gt;>vjerovanje da nemamo pravo govoriti svoj jezik onako kako nam se cini prirodno, nego da bismo umjesto toga trebali namjerno izmijeniti svoj jezik kako bi se on uskladio s pravilima koja je stvorila skupina samozvanih strucnjaka - bez obzira na to koliko nam se ta pravila cinila neupucenima ili ludima.
The decline in ratios was primarily caused by a decrease in ILI rates among schoolchildren; the average ([+ or -] standard error of the estimate) reduction in ILI incidence among schoolchildren (5-19 years of age) in the 2 weeks during the winter break compared with the 2 weeks before was 67.
It helps with your pronunciation immensely," said Vera Falk, a Norwegian student at the ILI.
ILI hopes that this project will help build a centralized, dynamic catalogue of information on best practices and language data that will be useful to revitalization efforts.
Possible: An individual presenting to the community nursing station from April 20 to June 11, 2009 with ILI defined as: i) fever >38[degrees]C AND ii) cough AND iii) one or more of sore throat, arthralgia, myalgia, prostration, or for children <5 years of age a gastrointestinal symptom.
ILI offers life assurance and investment products on the European market.
Investigators compared these confirmed H1N1 cases to patients with ILI who tested negative for any influenza virus.