Ilia Ilich Malyshev

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Malyshev, Il’ia Il’ich


Born July 19 (Aug. 1), 1904, in the settlement of Maikor, now in Komi-Permiak National Okrug, Perm’ Oblast; died Apr. 23, 1973, in Moscow. Soviet state figure; an organizer of the Geological Survey of the USSR. Doctor of geological and mineralogical sciences (1958). Member of the CPSU from 1932.

Malyshev was the son of a worker and graduated from the Urals Polytechnic Institute in 1932. Deputy director of the Urals Division of the Institute of Applied Mineralogy of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR from 1932, he worked as scientific staff member of the Geological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR from 1932 to 1937, deputy chief and chief engineer of the Geological Board of the People’s Commissariat for Heavy Industry of the USSR from 1937, and chairman of the Committee for Geological Affairs of the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR from 1939. Malyshev served as minister of geology of the USSR from 1946 to 1949, chief of the Northwestern Geological Board from 1949 to 1952, section chief at the All-Union Institute of Mineral Raw Materials (VIMS) from 1952 to 1957, and chairman of the State Commission on Mineral Resources of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1957 to 1971.

In the prewar years and during the Great Patriotic War (1941-45), Malyshev organized geological reconnaissance work that led to the discovery of large mineral deposits; later he conducted work on the industrial valuation of explored reserves. His principal works are The Titanomagnetite Deposits of the Urals (1934, coauthor) and The Laws of the Formation and Distribution of Titanium Ore Deposits (1957). Malyshev was awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, three other orders, and medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.