Ilia Vasilevich Buialskii

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Buial’skii, Il’ia Vasil’evich


Born July 26 (Aug. 6), 1789, in the village of Vorob’evka, in present-day Chernigov Oblast of the Ukrainian SSR; died Dec. 8 (20), 1866, in St. Petersburg. Russian anatomist and surgeon.

Buial’skii graduated from the Academy of Medicine and Surgery in St. Petersburg in 1814 and became a professor there in 1821. In 1829 he became director of a factory manufacturing surgical instruments. From 1831 he taught plastic anatomy in the Academy of Arts, where he was elected an academician in 1842. Buial’skii was one of the founders of topographic anatomy in Russia. He prepared Anatomical Surgical Tables, which was translated into many foreign languages. He elaborated the theory of individual variability and developed the operation for the resection of the upper jaw and a method of treating vascular aneurysms. He improved surgical instruments (the syringe, tourniquet, and spatula) and was one of the first in Russia to use anaesthesia, blood transfusion, and antiseptic agents. He developed a method of embalming as well as the technique of “ice sculpture” anatomy.


Kratkaia obshchaia anatomiia tela chelovecheskogo. St. Petersburg, 1844.
Anatomicheskie zapiski dlia obuchaiushchikhsia zhivopisi i skul’pture v Imp. Akademii khudozhestv. St. Petersburg, 1860.


Margorin, E. M. Il’ia Buial’skii. Moscow, 1948.
Tikotin, M. A. P. A. Zagorskii i pervaia russkaia anatomicheskaia shkola. Moscow, 1950.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.