Carlos the Jackal

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Carlos the Jackal,

pseud. of the revolutionary and international terrorist Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, 1949–, b. Caracas, Venezuela. Son of an affluent Marxist lawyer, he joined the Communist party at 15 and may have had guerrilla warfare training in Cuba; he later attended university in Moscow. A member (1970–75) of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, he acquired the name Carlos ("the Jackal" was added later by the press) and committed (1973) his first confirmed terrorist act, a botched assassination attempt in London. Becoming a widely feared terrorist with his own small network of operatives, he allegedly worked during the 1970s and 80s for Muammar al-Qaddafi, Saddam Hussein, and Fidel Castro, for revolutionary groups, and for East European security agencies. He is said to have been responsible for more than 80 deaths as well as hijackings, bombings, and other violent acts. His most notorious exploit occurred in 1975 in Vienna when he held OPEC oil ministers hostage. Captured (1994) in Sudan by French agents, he was tried (1997) in France, convicted of murder in a 1975 case, and sentenced to life in prison. In 2011 he received a second life sentence in a case arising from bombings in 1982–83.

Bibliography

See biography by J. Follain (1998, repr. 2000).

References in periodicals archive ?
Citizen Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, Distinguished Compatriot,
Carlos, whose real name is Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, was found guilty in France two years ago of a series of bombings that killed 11 people and wounded around 150 others between 1982-1983.
The far-left fanatic, real name Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, was sentenced for plotting four bomb attacks which killed 11 people and injured more than 140 in France in 1982 and 1983.
"I still have the fighting spirit to criticize the illegality of my presence here in France," the Marxist-Leninist radical, whose real name is Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, told Europe 1 radio in a telephone interview.
Paris, Feb 18(ANI): French prosecutors have said that 'Carlos the Jackal', whose real name is Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, is set to face trial in Paris for his alleged role in four deadly terror bombings in the early 1980s in France.
"Carlos" charts the rise and fall of Venezuelan late-Cold War terrorist Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, aka Carlos the Jackal.
The charge sheet against Carlos - real name Ilich Ramirez Sanchez - relate to bombings on a train travelling from Paris to the southwestern city of Toulouse that left five dead and an attack on the Paris office of the Arabic-language Al Watan magazine that killed one.
'I am proud of the path of Sheik Osama bin Laden,' said Carlos, whose real name is Ilich Ramirez Sanchez.
It led to real-life Venezuelan hitman Ilich Ramirez Sanchez - known as Carlos - being nicknamed "The Jackal".