Simon Dixon's and Patrick O'Meara's contributions to the volume take an explicitly biographical approach to two quite different public figures: General Pavel Kiselev (1788-1872), who was forced to hide his liberal sympathies in a repressive political context, and the "Mad Monk" Iliodor (S.
Dixon tells another gripping biographical tale with his article on Iliodor, a major reactionary demagogue and scandalmonger, known as the ally and then enemy of Rasputin.
He was unable to settle on a name for the heiromonk, alternating between Iliodor and Isidor, and even Ivan, the priest's secular name (Prince Ivan Tverskoy).
But in the typewritten manuscript version that bears Tolstoy's extensive corrections the name "Isidor" that replaced Iliodor remained unaltered throughout: [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
See also the biographical articles by Simon Dixon: "Sergii (Stragorodskii) in the Russian Orthodox Diocese of Finland: Apostasy and Mixed Marriages, 1905-1917," Slavonic and East European Review 82, 1 (2004): 50-73; "The 'Mad Monk' Iliodor
in Tsaritsyn," Slavonic and East European Review 88, 1-2 (2010): 377-415; and "Archimandrite Mikhail (Semenov) and Russian Christian Socialism," Historical Journal 51, 3 (2008): 689-718.
The story bearing the provisional title, "Hieromonk Iliodor," drafted by Tolstoy no later than January 1909, appears in the adjacent volume thirty-seven, which was published only in 1956.
It is difficult to identify a clear preference between Isidor and Iliodor based on manuscript "number one" alone, since Tolstoy goes back to the former priest's secular name in French: "Jean" for his family and in high society and "Ivan" when he goes to the people before being seized and thrown into jail.
Uchebnoe posobie (Kalinin: Kalininskii gosudarstvennyi universitet, 1978), 64; Ieromonakh Iliodor, Istorichesko-statisticheskoe opisanie goroda Torzhka (Tver': Tipografiia Gubernskago pravleniia, 1860), 55; I.
8) Iliodor, Istorichesko-statisticheskoe opisanie, 74-78; Kolosov, Novotorzhskii Borisoglebskii monastyr' , 76.
During the service Hieromonk Iliodor
was sitting in the sanctuary of the monastery church with his head bowed and his eyes closed.
In it, the monk Iliodor
loses faith during the Eucharist, leaves the Church, joins the revolution, takes the blame for a high-profile assassination--a likely regicide--goes to prison, and dies on the cross flanked by two "robbers" or revolutionary brethren (37: 380).
Does Tolstoi believe that Iliodor
will find what he seeks by leaving the Church for the Revolution?