Illegitimate Children

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.
Related to Illegitimate Children: illegitimacy
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Illegitimate Children


children born to a father and mother who are not legally married. In the USSR if the descent of illegitimate children from given parents has been established according to the legally prescribed procedure, they have the same rights and obligations in relation to parents and relatives as children born in a legally registered marriage. The descent of a child of unmarried parents is established when both father and mother file a joint declaration at the state agencies of civil registration. In the absence of such a declaration, paternity can be established in a court proceeding. This regulation applies only to children born after Oct. 1, 1968—that is, from the date when the Fundamental Principles of the Law of the USSR and Union Republics on Marriage and the Family went into effect. During the registration of illegitimate children, the registration of the mother on the birth certificate is provided by her declaration; the father’s registration is provided by the joint declaration of the child’s parents or according to a court decision. In the event of the mother’s death, or if it is impossible to establish her place of residence, her registration on the birth certificate is provided by the father’s declaration. If there is no joint declaration of the parents or court decision establishing paternity, the registration of the child’s father in the registry of births is made in the mother’s surname; in such cases the mother indicates the name and patronymic of the child.

In the legislation of the majority of socialist countries, illegitimate children have the same rights as children born in registered marriage when paternity has been established or recognized through a court proceeding.

In prerevolutionary Russia, illegitimate children were completely deprived of rights.

In the legislation of the majority of bourgeois states, significant changes have taken place since the mid-20th century toward recognizing certain rights of illegitimate children. (In the 19th and early 20th centuries, illegitimate children were, as a rule, completely deprived of rights.) However, even when these changes are taken into consideration, the equalization of the rights of illegitimate and legitimate children is very complicated. In France and Italy illegitimate children have equal rights with legitimate children only if their parents have concluded a legal marriage. In the Federal Republic of Germany illegitimate children can be made legitimate by a court decision if the marriage of their parents is impossible. In Great Britain legitimization of illegitimate children as a result of the parents’ marriage was introduced in 1926. In many states in the USA illegitimate children do not enjoy any rights in relation to their parents, and in several states, legitimization of illegitimate children is allowed when the parents marry or recognize their illegitimate children.


Grazhdanskoe i torgovoe prava kapitalisticheskikh gosudarstv. Moscow, 1966. Pages 509-11.
“Osnovy zakonodatel’stva Soiuza SSR i soiuznykh respublik o brake i sem’e.” Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR, 1968, no. 27, art. 241.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'If you strike it down as unconstitutional on the basis of the fact that there is no substantial distinction, it really is going to be something that favors not only the illegitimate children but the legitimate children as well,' she said.
The liberal Code proved detrimental to illegitimate children and their mothers filing paternity suits, as the Code came to reinforce the patriarchal liberal order.
Many illegitimate children in the Arab world are also a result of temporary marriages like motaa (pleasure) and mesyar (convenience) marriages.
A brief history of the legislation affecting illegitimate children and their parents is necessary to understand the backdrop against which Victorian novelists were writing.
Who knows how this will all turn out, but can we really trust the denials of a man who once publicly denounced unmarried mothers yet a few months later was discovered to have fathered three illegitimate children, none of whom were by his girlfriend of 16 years and two of whom he refused to recognise or support until the courts forced him to?
Whether it is crime, juvenile delinquency, spousal abuse, drug use, dropping out of school, poor grades in school, or juveniles being parents of illegitimate children, all of these factors directly correlate to illegitimacy.
Thatcher's illegitimate children, they embroil Renton in a massive heroin deal.
Marshall and Stock uncovered solid evidence to prove that Aldridge himself fathered several illegitimate children, the first of whom--a son named Ira Daniel born in May 1847--was brought up by Margaret as if he were her own.
The heroine, Gwendolyn Harleth, marries Henleigh Grandcourt in order to avoid impending destitution of herself and her mother; this she does in spite of a promise made to the mother of his illegitimate children. Grandcourt turns out to be a tyrannical, selfish man, bent on breaking Gwendolyn's high - spiritedness.
'There are no illegitimate children. There are only illegitimate parents.'
Local fatwas or religious opinion have defined illegitimate children in Islam to include those born out of wedlock or those born less than six months from their parents' marriage.
This study traces the position of illegitimate children in law and judicial practice in France in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries.