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group of English and American poets writing from 1909 to about 1917, who were united by their revolt against the exuberant imagery and diffuse sentimentality of 19th-century poetry. Influenced by classicism, by Chinese and Japanese poetry, and by the French symbolistssymbolists,
in literature, a school originating in France toward the end of the 19th cent. in reaction to the naturalism and realism of the period. Designed to convey impressions by suggestion rather than by direct statement, symbolism found its first expression in poetry but
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, the imagists stated that poetic ideas are best expressed by the actual rendering of concrete images without superfluous commentary. They held the poet must embody his feelings in specific physical analogies that exactly convey his meaning. He must produce a hard, clear, concentrated poetry, free of stilted and artificial vocabulary, meter, and imagery. Ezra Pound, as head of the group, edited the anthology Des Imagistes (1914) and gained control of the Egoist (1913–19), which became the principle imagist journal. Pound soon left imagism for other artistic and political causes, but imagism continued to flourish, through the efforts of Richard AldingtonAldington, Richard
, 1892–1962, English poet and novelist. While studying at the Univ. of London, he became acquainted with Ezra Pound and H. D. (Hilda Doolittle), whom he married in 1913.
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, Hilda DoolittleDoolittle, Hilda,
pseud. H. D.,
1886–1961, American poet, b. Bethlehem, Pa., educated at Bryn Mawr. After 1911 she lived abroad, marrying Richard Aldington in 1913.
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, D. H. Lawrence, and John Gould FletcherFletcher, John Gould,
1886–1950, American poet, b. Little Rock, Ark., educated (1903–7) at Harvard. After traveling throughout Europe, he became a leader of the imagists in England.
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. James Joyce published in three imagist anthologies (1915, 1916, 1917). In its revival of the clarity and conciseness of classical poetry and in its general liberating effect on literature, imagism has been an important influence on 20th-century poetry.


See Imagist Anthology (1930, repr. 1970); P. Jones, ed., Imagist Poetry (1973); study by G. Hughes (1960).

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References in periodicals archive ?
We find in Penna the same objections to romantic sloppiness in poetry expressed by Eliot, Pound and the Imagists: the dislike of poems that are just the moaning or whining about something or other, as Hulme put it.
This destabilization of Georgian War Poetry as a cohesive literary group opens the door for new evaluations of the poets involved with that group, specifically Isaac Rosenberg, in whom I see potential for a new valuation as a transitional figure for Modernism between the pre-war Imagist movement and the post-war advances of Eliot, James Joyce, Ezra Pound, and others.
His early example is, however, germane to the manner in which the other writers I will approach deal with baseball in their poetry, chiefly through his early mentoring of the Imagist movement.
In order to focus this essay even further, I will look carefully at modes of visual prompting within Imagist poetry.
(H.D.'s poetry had also appeared in three anthologies published by Constable, all titled Some Imagist Poets; the first one appeared in 1915).
So we have no chance to set the Acmeists beside the Imagists, or look at the way Futurism passes into Constructivism.
In these works he employed many of the striking visual techniques of the Imagists.
As the youngest of the imagists (he was 19 when he began to edit the literary section of The Egoist in 1912, two years too young to enter the British Library's reading room), he was an intimate friend of many important writers in the formative years of literary modernism: Ezra Pound was an early mentor; F.
The home region includes the Costa Brava that has given the world such strong imagists as Salvador Dali.
Influenced early by the work of EDGAR ALLAN POE, he modeled his first poetic efforts also on the French Symbolists and the Imagists (see IMAGISM).
One of the most notorious of the Bohemians who came to Greenwich Village during the 1920s, Bodenheim was influenced in his early work by the romanticists and imagists, but later, for example in his novel Lights in the Valley (1942), he espoused various proletarian causes.
What Came After better defines and celebrates this later generation of artists, which have been called third generation Imagists, Post-Imagists, and the Chicago School."