Husayn ibn Ali

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Husayn ibn Ali

(ĭ`bən ä`lē), 1856–1931, Arab political and religious leader. In 1908 he succeeded as grand sherif of Mecca and thus became ruler of the HejazHejaz
or Hedjaz
, region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), NW Saudi Arabia, on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Mecca is the chief city. Extending S to Asir, Hejaz is mainly a dissected highland region lying between the narrow, long coastal strip and the interior
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 under the Ottoman Empire. In World War I, after receiving British assurances that all Arab lands not under French control would be liberated, he began (1916) a successful revolt against the Turks in Arabia and proclaimed himself king of the Hejaz and of all Arabia. Believing that the British had not kept their promises, he refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles.

Great Britain lent him no support in his struggle with Ibn SaudIbn Saud
(Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud) , c.1880–1953, founder of Saudi Arabia and its first king. His family, with its regular seat at Riyadh in the Nejd, were the traditional leaders of the ultraorthodox Wahhabi movement in Islam.
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, who defeated him in 1924, forcing him to abdicate and renounce his claim to the caliphate. That claim, advanced after the Turkish parliament abolished the Ottoman caliphate in 1924, was based on Husayn's membership in the Hashemite family, a branch of the Quraysh tribe, to which Muhammad the Prophet had belonged. Husayn lived (1924–30) in exile on Cyprus. He died in Amman, the capital of Transjordan (now Jordan). Abdullah IAbdullah I
(Abdullah ibn Husayn) , 1882–1951, king of Jordan (1946–51), b. Mecca; son of Husayn ibn Ali of the Hashemite family. During World War I, Abdullah, with British support, led Arab revolts against Turkish rule.
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 of Jordan and Faisal IFaisal I
or Faysal I
, 1885–1933, king of Iraq (1921–33). The third son of Husayn ibn Ali, sherif of Mecca, he is also called Faisal ibn Husayn. Faisal was educated in Constantinople and later sat in the Ottoman parliament as deputy for Jidda.
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 of Iraq were his sons.

Husayn Ibn Ali

 

Born circa 1854; died June 4, 1931, in Amman. Sharif of the Ottoman territories of Mecca and the Hejaz (1908–16). King of the Hejaz (1916–24). Founder of the Hashimite dynasty.

During World War I, Husayn concluded the McMahon-Husayn Agreement of 1915 with Great Britain. According to the terms of the agreement, Britain pledged to recognize the independence of a future Arab state headed by Husayn. As planned in the agreement, Husain raised a revolt against the Ottoman Empire on June 15, 1916, and proclaimed himself king of the Arabs on November 2. Great Britain, however, had already secretly breached its pledge in the spring of 1916 by signing the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916 with France. In accordance with this agreement, Britain and France recognized Husayn as king of only the Hejaz.

In March 1924, Husayn, claiming leadership in the Muslim world, declared himself caliph; the Hejaz, however, was the only Muslim state to recognize him. Striving for hegemony in the Arabian Peninsula, Husayn declared war against ibn Saud, the emir of Nejd. The Nejd-Hejaz War of 1924–25 ended in defeat for Husayn. On Oct. 24, 1924, he abdicated the throne in favor of his eldest son, Ali. After 1925, Husayn lived in Cyprus and Transjordan.

References in periodicals archive ?
He noted that Imam Husain had sacrificed his entire family including 72 holy personalities and small children at Karbala but had refused to accept Yazid as a lawful ruler.
He noted that Imam Husain (RA) had sacrificed his entire family including infants in the battlefield pf Karbala while refusing to accept Yazid as a lawful ruler.
Ashara Mubaraka refers to a period of ten days at the beginning of the Islamic year dedicated to the remembrance of the Prophet Mohammed (SAW) and his Ahle Bayt (AS) (family and kin), specifically his grandson Imam Husain Ibne Ali (AS).
He said that Imam Husain and his entire family sacrificed their lives at karbala and gave the eternal message to humanity that it was better to court martyrdom instead of yielding to the forces of evil.
Shah Sain through this Sur has narrated the Jihad, which grand Son of the prophet of Islam Hazrat Imam Husain (RA), Son of third Caliph Hazrat Ali and Bibi Fatima did in the battlefield of Karbala.
LAHORE -- Punjab Chief Minister Mohammad Shehbaz Sharif has said that Hazrat Imam Husain (RA) rendered supreme sacrifice for the supremacy of Islam and he and his companions proved that those who are committed to a noble cause could face any amount of difficulties and hardships.
The British-born scholar had travelled to Sydney last Tuesday to deliver a speech at the Imam Husain Islamic Center.
He arrived at the Imam Husain Islamic Centre just after nightfall to give his scheduled lecture, and declined to speak to waiting media.
Tenders are invited for Hajrat Imam Husain Dargah Sagartal Bawadi Water Supply And Jinodhwar Work File No.
He said the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Husain (RA) and his companions actually leads to the revival of Islam and their supreme sacrifice spreads a universal message of non-violent resistance against violence, extremism and tyranny.
They also avoid any sort of comfort or enjoyment because the main purpose of the fast is to mourn the martyrdom of Imam Husain, the son of Ali, the Prophet Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, during the battle of Kerbela.