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common name for members of the Zingiberaceae, a family of tropical and subtropical perennial herbs, chiefly of Indomalaysia. The aromatic oils of many are used in making condiments, perfumes, and medicines, especially stimulants and preparations to ease stomach distress.

True ginger (Zingiber officinale), cultivated since ancient times in many countries, no longer grows wild. Commercial ginger is made from the root, a rhizomerhizome
or rootstock,
fleshy, creeping underground stem by means of which certain plants propagate themselves. Buds that form at the joints produce new shoots.
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, which is either preserved by candying or dried for medicines and spice. Studies have found some benefit from the use of ginger as an herbal medicine to treat nausea and vomiting, but other medicinal uses have not been as well substantiated by studies.

Other members of the ginger family also have uses as spices and in perfumery or traditional medicine; zedoary or white ginger (Curcuma zedoaria) and turmeric (C. longa) are grown for their rhizomes, and cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) and black cardamom (Amomum species) for their seed pods and seeds. The last three are often combined with ginger and other spices to make various curriescurry
[Malayalam], condiment much used in India and elsewhere in Asia and the Middle East, in combination with rice, meat, and a variety of other dishes. It is compounded of such spices as turmeric, fenugreek, cloves, cumin, ginger, black and hot red pepper, and coriander.
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. Turmeric root yields a yellow dye, and a compound derived from it, curcumin, is used to promote bile secretion by the liver. C. angustifolia is an East Indian arrowrootarrowroot,
any plant of the genus Maranta, usually large perennial herbs, of the family Marantaceae, found chiefly in warm, swampy forest habitats of the Americas and sometimes cultivated for their ornamental leaves.
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Ginger is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Zingiberales, family Zingiberaceae.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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Works faster at preventing motion sickness or nausea than dramamine. Flower petals and tender young shoots may be eaten raw or cooked. Both fresh and dried ginger root have therapeutic properties for promoting the secretion of digestive juices, hypertension, headaches, morning sickness, colic, relieving and expelling gas, heartburn, digestive and intestinal cramps, dyspepsia and even chemotherapyinduced nausea. Ginger is the world's greatest herbal inhibitor of 5-LO enzymes, a chemical cousin of COX-2, the food source for prostate cancer cells. Without this food source, prostate cancer cells die within hours. Excellent for nausea, motion sickness (good for keeping food moving in a downward direction) arrests vomiting, alleviates pain, stops inflammation, eliminates swelling, induces sweat and inhibits pathogenic bacteria. It controls the quantity of free radicals in the body, thus limiting damage and aging.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Zingiber officinale), a perennial tropical plant of the family Zingiberaceae. It is cultivated in the south of Asia. The rhizomes are fleshy, aboveground stalks up to 1 m tall, the leaves are lanceolate, the flowers are violet yellow and gathered into short, spike-shaped inflorescences. The rhizome has a pleasant aromatic odor, caused by the presence of an essential oil (1.2–3 percent in the air-dried root) and a stinging taste, dependent on the presence of the phenol-like substance, gingerol.

The dry rhizome, under the name “ginger,” is used in cooking as a condiment and is also used in the food industry for aromati-zation of certain products (jam, liqueur). According to the method of processing, two commercial varieties are distinguished: white, or Jamaica, ginger is washed, peeled, and sun-dried; black ginger is unpeeled, boiled or scalded, and sun-dried.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Zingiber officinale. An erect perennial herb of the family Zingiberaceae having thick, scaly branched rhizomes; a spice oleoresin is made by an organic solvent extraction of the ground dried rhizome.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. any of several zingiberaceous plants of the genus Zingiber, esp Z. officinale of the East Indies, cultivated throughout the tropics for its spicy hot-tasting underground stem
2. any of certain related plants
a. a reddish-brown or yellowish-brown colour
b. (as adjective): ginger hair
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


A simple functional language from the University of Warwick with parallel constructs.
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References in periodicals archive ?
As an adult, for inexplicable reasons, Imber soon became a wandering Jew roaming through countries in Eastern Europe.
However, "the Oliphants assured Imber that they had 'left Christianity'" (61).
A certain kind of "'God's work" is the catalyst for forming this community, sitting adjacent to Imber Abbey; the Abbess, who proposed the foundation of a lay community, said that it would be a "buffer state" "between the Abbey and the world, a reflection, a benevolent and useful parasite, an intermediary form of rife" (Murdoch 2001, 71).
In Robert Donmoyer, Michael Imber, and James Scheurich, (Eds.), The knowledge base in educational administration.
Colin Imber perceives the need for a general synthesis of Ottoman history because it is necessary to understand contemporary problems in areas of the world that were ruled by the empire.
ESCOP Scientific Committee, 2 Imber Park Road, Esher, Surrey KT10 8JB, UK
Though the history of the song is not totally clear, it is accepted that Naphtali Herz Imber, an English poet originally from Bohemia,, wrote the words in 1886, and the melody is by Samuel Cohen, an immigrant from Moldavia.
They say it's all about location, so when faced with a Texas hilltop site that had already been cleared on the gently sloping westward side but tumbled steeply down over rock outcroppings and bubbling springs on the north and east faces, naturally architects Michael Imber and Mac White chose the rocks and water: White, who acted as project manager, explains, "What really engaged us about the site were these two draws that trickled out of the rocks, so we designed the house to tie into them." The idea of water begins at the entrance.
The author has quite a different view from colleagues such as Colin Imber, who bluntly stated in his most recent book The Ottoman Empire, 1300-1650: The Structure of Power (Houndmills and New York, 2002) that "the Ottoman Empire was, above all, a military organisation" (p.
At Imber village - requisitioned by the War Office in 1939 and never given back - 'C' Company becomes the UK Provincial Reconstruction Team.