Imenitye Grazhdane

Imenitye Grazhdane

 

(distinguished citizens), one of the basic categories of urban population in Russia, established by Catherine IPs charter of cities of 1785. It comprised individuals engaged in the free professions (certified scholars, artists, and musicians) and the upper strata of the developing bourgeoisie (wholesalers, bankers of a declared capital of more than 100,000 rubles, entrepreneurs of a declared capital of more than 50,000 rubles, and the elite among city magistrates). The members were free from corporal punishment and had the right to maintain factories and lead the life of the gentry. In 1807 representatives of the merchant class were excluded from their ranks. In 1832 the category was abolished with the creation of the new category of pochetnye grazhdane (honored citizens).

References in periodicals archive ?
Three other categories were exempted from corporal punishment: the upper two guilds of merchants, eminent citizens (imenitye grazhdane, a legal category created under the same charter), and members of the clerical estate (369).