Aliens

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Aliens

 

persons located on the territory of one state but holding citizenship in another—that is, persons who are not citizens of their country of domicile.

The status of aliens in their country of domicile is regulated by domestic state legislation and by international agreements. Aliens may be accorded national status (equal rights with the local citizens), most-favored status (equal rights for all aliens without discrimination against citizens of a particular country), or a special status (specific, precisely established rights). Rights are granted to aliens, as a rule, on the basis of reciprocity.

In the USSR, aliens enjoy a number of political rights and civil liberties, including freedom of speech, press, and conscience; inviolability of person or dwelling; and privacy of correspondence. Aliens do not have the right to vote and are not subject to compulsory military service. Aliens who are persecuted for defending the interests of the toiling masses, for scholarly activity, or for engaging in a national liberation struggle are granted asylum.

In the sphere of civil and legal rights aliens in the USSR are accorded national status. They can acquire the same civil rights as Soviet citizens (to buy and dispose of property, to inherit property, to conclude contracts, to claim authorship of inventions) and the right to appeal to courts and notary institutions. Aliens may marry Soviet citizens or other aliens; they may adopt children or be adopted; guardianship may be established over them, and they themselves may be guardians. Except for persons who enjoy immunity from jurisdiction (diplomatic and consular representatives as well as certain other persons), aliens are subject to criminal responsibility for any crimes they commit on the territory of the USSR.

Aliens who are permanent residents of the USSR enjoy health care equal to that of Soviet citizens. There are certain legal limitations on the rights of aliens—for example, on moving within certain regions and on choosing certain occupations (ship’s captain, for one).

The USSR has concluded a number of specific agreements on the legal status of aliens—for example, treaties on the rendering of legal aid in civil, family, and criminal cases; citizenship; social insurance; and entering the country without a visa.

The USSR has a system of permissions for aliens with regard to entering and leaving the country: entry and exit are permitted when their passports have special visas; entry or exit without a visa is possible only when there is a specific agreement between the USSR and the state in question. There are simplified regulations for certain categories of aliens—for example, no special permission is required for the crews of foreign merchant ships when they are in port.

I. K. GORODETSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
This first US immigrant visa lottery of the Trump era got under way last month with no announcement from an obviously displeased Trump Administration.
After reports that the accused perpetrator of Tuesday's violent attack in New York City entered the United States via Diversity Immigrant Visa, the programme drew sudden and unexpected scrutiny.
Lawyers for the plaintiffs asked if the judge could expand his ruling to apply to anyone with a valid immigrant visa from all seven countries and he did.
As with immigrant visas, the principal beneficiary's spouse and unmarried children under age 21 may also be eligible for benefits under the FWVP Program.
It should be mentioned that residents of Sudan have been required to travel to the US embassy in Cairo to process their immigrant visas, which entailed a great deal of time, expense, and effort.
According to Financial Mirror calculations, the Ministry of Interior has granted long-term immigrant visas or implemented fast-track procedures to 1979 from March 2013 to the end of October this year, many of whom have bought properties worth at least 300,000 euros (excluding VAT) and secured a permanent residency permit.
Accordingly, an unlawfully present alien who departs the United States in order to satisfy requirements to obtain an immigrant visa (e.
The online registration for the 2016 Diversity Immigrant Visa Program (DV) will begin Wednesday, October 1, 2014, at 12:00 noon, Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) (GMT-4), and will close Monday, November 3, 2014, at 12:00 noon, Eastern Daylight Time (EDT)(GMT-4), the U.
Alexander recalled in the past, relationship between the two countries had been limited to immigrant visas, but the two nations were currently looking forward to further improving their political, economic, trade and cultural ties.
The Diversity Visa Lottery is an annual program that allows randomly selected applicants who were born in qualifying countries - including Sri Lanka and Maldives - the opportunity to interview for an immigrant visa, and if they are qualified for immigrant visas, to become legal permanent residents of the United States.
The legislation also provides for the roll-over of unused employment-based immigrant visa numbers to the following fiscal year so that future visas are not lost due to bureaucratic delays, and eliminate annual per-country limits for employment based visa petitioners and adjust per-country caps for family-based immigrant visas.