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persons located on the territory of one state but holding citizenship in another—that is, persons who are not citizens of their country of domicile.

The status of aliens in their country of domicile is regulated by domestic state legislation and by international agreements. Aliens may be accorded national status (equal rights with the local citizens), most-favored status (equal rights for all aliens without discrimination against citizens of a particular country), or a special status (specific, precisely established rights). Rights are granted to aliens, as a rule, on the basis of reciprocity.

In the USSR, aliens enjoy a number of political rights and civil liberties, including freedom of speech, press, and conscience; inviolability of person or dwelling; and privacy of correspondence. Aliens do not have the right to vote and are not subject to compulsory military service. Aliens who are persecuted for defending the interests of the toiling masses, for scholarly activity, or for engaging in a national liberation struggle are granted asylum.

In the sphere of civil and legal rights aliens in the USSR are accorded national status. They can acquire the same civil rights as Soviet citizens (to buy and dispose of property, to inherit property, to conclude contracts, to claim authorship of inventions) and the right to appeal to courts and notary institutions. Aliens may marry Soviet citizens or other aliens; they may adopt children or be adopted; guardianship may be established over them, and they themselves may be guardians. Except for persons who enjoy immunity from jurisdiction (diplomatic and consular representatives as well as certain other persons), aliens are subject to criminal responsibility for any crimes they commit on the territory of the USSR.

Aliens who are permanent residents of the USSR enjoy health care equal to that of Soviet citizens. There are certain legal limitations on the rights of aliens—for example, on moving within certain regions and on choosing certain occupations (ship’s captain, for one).

The USSR has concluded a number of specific agreements on the legal status of aliens—for example, treaties on the rendering of legal aid in civil, family, and criminal cases; citizenship; social insurance; and entering the country without a visa.

The USSR has a system of permissions for aliens with regard to entering and leaving the country: entry and exit are permitted when their passports have special visas; entry or exit without a visa is possible only when there is a specific agreement between the USSR and the state in question. There are simplified regulations for certain categories of aliens—for example, no special permission is required for the crews of foreign merchant ships when they are in port.


References in periodicals archive ?
Some have also opted to deposit 5 mln euros in long-term facilities of at least three years, thus jumping to the head of the queue when it comes to immigrant visas and fast-tracking procedures with the Civil Registry and Migration Department (CRMD).
This year's US immigrant visa lottery is underway and applicants will have until noon, Eastern Time, Tuesday, November 3, to file electronic applications for a US immigration visa.
The online registration for the 2016 Diversity Immigrant Visa Program (DV) will begin Wednesday, October 1, 2014, at 12:00 noon, Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) (GMT-4), and will close Monday, November 3, 2014, at 12:00 noon, Eastern Daylight Time (EDT)(GMT-4), the U.
It should be mentioned that residents of Sudan have been required to travel to the US embassy in Cairo to process their immigrant visas, which entailed a great deal of time, expense, and effort.
Ochoa has experience with guiding foreign clients through consular processing of both nonimmigrant and immigrant visas.
Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to grant a waiver of the inadmissibility bars for V visa holders applying for immigrant visas.
immigrant visas available through a computer-generated random lottery for persons who meet strict eligibility requirements.
According to US government figures, the US diplomatic mission in Havana issued 24,727 immigrant visas in the fiscal year that ended on September 30, 2013, compared to 26,720 in fiscal year 2012.
He is currently working on Non Immigrant Visas, and also helping in other sections, including the Consular Information Unit (CIU) that is the outreach arm for CTI.
The legislation also provides for the roll-over of unused employment-based immigrant visa numbers to the following fiscal year so that future visas are not lost due to bureaucratic delays, and eliminate annual per-country limits for employment based visa petitioners and adjust per-country caps for family-based immigrant visas.
Alexander recalled in the past, relationship between the two countries had been limited to immigrant visas, but the two nations were currently looking forward to further improving their political, economic, trade and cultural ties.
Through its visa processing task orders, CGI provides services to assist applicants in applying for non-immigrant and immigrant visas.