immunological memory


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Related to immunological memory: immunological tolerance

immunological memory

[‚im·yə·nə¦läj·ə·kəl ′mem·rē]
(immunology)
The capacity of the immune system to respond more rapidly and vigorously to the second contact with a specific antigen than to the primary contact.
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After the infection has resolved, some of these plasma cells may persist for 50 years or longer as memory B cells, which contribute to immunological memory and can respond quickly by producing antibodies if they encounter the same pathogen again.
Immunological memory (MEM) development is affected by stress-induced neuroendocrine mediators.
Pearce added: "We serendipitously discovered that the metabolizing, or burning, of fatty acids by T-cells following the peak of infection is critical to establishing immunological memory.
Extensively updated, the textbook includes new chapters on innate and adaptive immunity, enhanced treatment of aspects of innate immunity such as the complement system and defensins, immunotherapies, and the nature of immune response in mucosal tissues and immunological memory.
Cytokine detection assays are based on the observation that lymphocytes with immunological memory produce interferon-gamma (INF-[gamma]) when re-exposed to a specific antigenic challenge.