where [omega] is the electron impact parameter
(nm) that can be found in the standard tables [N.
He extended the standard theory of light deflection, his method being equivalent to minimising the action integral for a light ray with small impact parameter
starting from infinity; for orbits in the plane [phi] = [pi]/2,
The impact parameter
is made up by the export price elasticity, multiplied by the share of exports in GDP.
This article introduces an alternative impact parameter
for group-based RCTs with student mobility--the survivor average causal effect ("SACE")--that pertains to the subpopulation of original cohort students who would remain in their baseline study schools in either the treatment or control condition.
Hence, the impact parameter
used was the targeted value of that impact indicator, if specified/documented for particular site (e.
A positive value of the self-similarity impact parameter
means that the specified frame traffic weakens the self-similarity of aggregated frame traffic, and vice versa.
To determine the energy loss per unit distance traveled for collisions with impact parameter
greater than bmin, we may use the expression
The average of the scores of the individual impact parameter
ratings gave the CEI for each mode.
The focus was shifted towards studying impact parameters
of asteroids on the surface of the dwarf planet.
The assessment encompasses the modeling of all relevant scenarios and processes as a result of targeted air crash (development of evaluation criteria, selection of transport aircraft and impact parameters
, mechanical and thermal impacts, building and container behavior under mechanical and thermal effects, modeling, if necessary, under stellender releases, identifying radiological consequences).
The recorded data and impact parameters
suggest that the accident occurred following a loss of control, possibly in cloud.
Vehicle and/or impact parameters
that are not known exactly in a given crash, but are known to generally fall within certain ranges, for example, frictional drag coefficients and/or the coefficient of restitution, can be bounded through the use of constraints within Solver to narrow the range of possible solutions.