Imperial Cities

Imperial Cities

 

German cities of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806) under the direct jurisdiction of the emperor, in contrast to princely or territorial cities.

Originally, imperial cities were cities located on the territory of the imperial domain, but later others were added to their number, including cities that had freed themselves from the jurisdiction of various bishops. The greatest number of imperial cities was located in Swabia and Franconia and included such centers as Nürnberg, Regensburg, Augsburg, Heilbronn, and Ulm. With the decline of central authority in Germany, which began in the 13th century, they gained broad rights of self-administration and almost complete political independence within the framework of the empire. They were represented in the Reichstag, first in the mid-13th century and on a regular basis after 1489. Later, with the rise of the power of the territorial princes, many imperial cities were subjected to princely authority, and the significance of the group as a whole declined, although the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 formally reaffirmed their freedoms and right of representation in the Reichstag.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Danube's Imperial Cities & Yuletide Markets 6 days PS849
While most Reformation-era studies of the Upper Rhine region of the Holy Roman Empire have focused on the Peasants' Revolt and the imperial cities (especially Strasbourg), the twenty-five essays in this volume offer a more diverse range of topics that demonstrate the interactions between political and ecclesiastical institutions, from large territorial states and (arch)bishoprics to small imperial cities, Hochstifte, imperial knights, Vogte, and peasant villages.
It has four imperial cities: Fes, Marrakech, Meknes and Rabat and each of these cities has a chapter of the book dedicated to its wonders.
Cruise Destination Duration Price pp from Rhine Cruise to Switzerland 8 days PS1,449 Rhine & Moselle 8 days PS1,499 Rhine, Strasbourg & Heidelberg 8 days PS1,399 The Blue Danube - Vienna, Budapest & Salzburg 8 days PS1,349 Cruise the Heart of Europe 15 days PS1,899 Burgundy, River Rhone & Provence 8 days PS1,299 Bruges, Medieval Flanders, Amsterdam & the Dutch Bulbfields 8 days PS1,449 The Seine, Paris & Normandy 8 days PS1,499 The Douro, Porto & Salamanca 8 days PS1,449 Medieval Germany 8 days PS1,499 Amsterdam, Kinderdijk & the Dutch Bulbfields 5 days PS1,049 Budapest to The Black Sea - Gems of Eastern Europe 15 days PS2,849 The Danube's Imperial Cities & Yuletide Markets 6 days PS649 Enchanting Rhine & Yuletide Markets 5 days PS499
Itineraries on sale include Oriental Splendours of China, China and Japan's Rail Odyssey, Seychelles Discovery Cruise, Imperial Cities of Morocco, Journey to the Mystical Mekong, Bella Puglia by Rail, Paradores of Spain, Lisbon & the Azores and Beyond India's Golden Triangle.
The aim is to explore through time the visualisation of cities, so we start with a terracotta plan of the Mesopotamian holy city of Nippur, in what is now Iraq, then travel through Renaissance cities, New World cities, Imperial cities and mega cities.
Other extended tours include the Imperial Cities Tour of Morocco, Grand Tour of China, Beauty of Nepal, Vietnam impressions, Highlights of Germany, Splendid Tour of Italy, Classic Tour of Russia, Tour of the Scandinavian Capitals, Classical Tour of Sri Lanka and Jordan Explorer.
Other floursihed tours comprises of the Imperial Cities Tour of Morocco, Grand Tour of China, Beauty of Nepal, Vietnam impressions, Highlights of Germany, Splendid Tour of Italy, Classic Tour of Russia, Tour of the Scandinavian Capitals, Classical Tour of Sri Lanka and Jordan Explorer.
Presented in roughly chronological context, ten papers examine such topics as the architectural relationship between Tang and eastern Uighur imperial cities; Buddhist and pseudo-Buddhist expressions in the Chinese Manichaean Hymnscroll; non-Chinese influences in medieval Chinese manuscript culture, early 15th-century Sino-Central Asian relations; border defense, border inspection, and foreign embassies in the Ming period; the functioning of the pass system in Sino-Japanese Trade in early modern times; Muslim historiography across boundaries in Central Eurasia; Islamic legal order in the northwestern frontier; state-society relations and differentiating Uighur marginality in China's northwest; and a Buriad (a subgroup of the Mongols) community within a Russian-Chinese frontier space.
Free upgrade to 4* hotel selected dates Prague, Vienna & Budapest Florence & Rome Krakow & Zakopane Departures until March 2013 Departures until March 2013 7 nights from PS599pp 6 nights from PS699pp ONCE home to Bohemian Kings and Habsburg Emperors, the Imperial cities of Prague, Vienna & Budapest will draw you in with their rich histories and tales of times gone by.
Abercrombie & Kent Abercrombie & Kent Offers MoroccoOs Imperial Cities. Abercrombie & Kent is offering a new Morocco program called Imperial Cities, a nine-day small group escorted journey priced from USD2,380 that explores the countryOs history, going back almost 10,000 years, and including Roman legions, Berber caravans and Muslim scholars.
The Negotiated Reformation: Imperial Cities and the Politics of Urban Reform, 1525-1550.

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