deflation

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deflation:

see inflationinflation,
in economics, persistent and relatively large increase in the general price level of goods and services. Its opposite is deflation, a process of generally declining prices. The U.S.
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deflation

(ECONOMICS) a decrease over time in the general level of prices, coupled with an overall reduction in the level of economic activity, new investment, etc. (compare INFLATION). In modern capitalist economies, in which inflation tends to be endemic, deflation is usually relative rather than absolute, involving a reduction in rates of price increase rather than an absolute decrease in prices.

Deflation

 

the decrease of monetary volume by means of the withdrawal from circulation of excess paper money. Deflation often precedes monetary reforms. Since World War II deflation has most often been encountered as part of the so-called deflation policy of capitalist states, which aims at stopping or decreasing the rates of growth of monetary volume and commodity prices. Deflation is realized through limitation of credits (an increase in the rate of interest, imposition of credit limits), higher taxes, reduction of expenditures for social and cultural needs, a “freeze” on wages and salaries, and other measures carried out by capitalist states. These measures result in a lowering of the rate of economic development, a deterioration in the living conditions of the toiling masses, and an intensification of the class struggle.


Deflation

 

the disintegration of rocks and soils owing to wind action, accompanied by the removal and wearing away of the broken particles. Deflation is particularly strong in those parts of deserts from which dominant winds blow (for example, in the southern part of the Karakumy desert). The processes of deflation and physical weathering result in the formation of eroded cliffs with unusual shapes, such as towers, columns, and obelisks.

deflation

[di′flā·shən]
(geology)
The sweeping erosive action of the wind over the ground.

deflation

1. Economics a reduction in the level of total spending and economic activity resulting in lower levels of output, employment, investment, trade, profits, and prices
2. Geology the removal of loose rock material, sand, and dust by the wind
References in periodicals archive ?
Knowing prior implant history may help to avoid a false conclusion of implant rupture in the rare setting of a patient who has undergone implant revision and has residual silicone in the soft tissues from the previous silicone implants.
The previous reported case of axillary lipogranuloma differed from the current case in that it resulted from a silicone breast implant rupture, and developed in the axillary lymph nodes.
97 had neither clinical signs nor radiographic evidence of implant rupture and elected to remain under regular review.
This has a short page on capsular contracture, and a link at the end sends the reader to another page that has two or three sentences each on bleeding, implant ruptures, infection, visible skin wrinkling and rippling, which concludes: "The subject of risks and potential complications of surgery is best discussed on a personal basis between you and your plastic surgeon, or with a staff member in your surgeon's office.
Mammography is quite poor at detecting silicone implant rupture while it's still intracapsular and therefore far more easily treated.
According to sworn depositions from former employees, Mentor withheld information about high breast implant rupture rates from the FDA.
In the past, breast implant rupture was thought to be rare, but the FDA study indicates that rupture of silicone gel implants is much more common than previously thought," the agency said in a statement.
It is also not known what effect implants have on lactation, and whether or not there is a difference in the rate of implant rupture, breast pain, migration of the implant, or mastitis in women who are pregnant or lactating.
The usual reasons for removing or replacing them are implant rupture or contraction of the capsule, which can shrink over time, making the breast round and hard.
In recent years, tens of thousands of women have claimed that they suffered a host of health problems from silicone-filled breast implants, including hardening of the breast tissue, implant rupture and disabling disorders that resemble autoimmune disorders like lupus or connective tissue disease.
If implant rupture is noted on an MRI, you should have the implant removed, with or without replacement.