We find in every house a Tuscan atrium, with a cavaedium or gangway running round the rectangular impluvium
, the tank or piscine which catches the rain and drippings falling through the compluvium or central opening in the roof.
(47.) Hence the importance in the Miles gloriosus of the impluvium
, through which Sceledrus spies on his neighbors (173-75).
A doorway (ostium) and small vestibule led into the atrium with open roof (compluvium) allowing rain water to fall onto a floor area (impluvium
), from where it was channelled into subterranean cisterns.
In contrast, in this chthonic realm the pool is a vestigial impluvium
(too vestigial, perhaps), which in Roman and Arabic prototypes collected rain from the heavens above and served almost as a mysterious eye to the earth below.
In the Villa's atrium the impluvium
(central pool) is now open to the sky through the compluvium, as it should be (Fig.
This large central hallway typically had a fair sized rectangular hole in the roof (compluvium) through which rainwater fell and collected in an impluvium
(no 4) or catchment pool.
Campo Baeza refers to the interior of this, his most important building to date, as an 'impluvium