Improved Landscape

Landscape, Improved


a geographic landscape that has been altered by the economic activity of human society and reveals the results of man’s labor. Examples of improved landscapes are oases on irrigated land in deserts, plowed-up steppes with shelterbelts, and drained and cultivated polders. There is no sharp distinction between improved and natural landscapes. Improved landscapes preserve the geological structure, the morphostructural relief features, and the basic characteristics of the natural climate. They are subject to important geographic laws —zonality and azonality. The conscious creation of improved landscapes is based on a knowledge of the relationships among the elements of the landscape and among its morphological components (natural boundaries and facies). Its aim is the maximum reproduction of natural, primarily biological, resources, the prevention of unfavorable natural processes, the creation of a healthy environment for human life, and the rational organization of areas (a scientific correlation between protected elements of the natural landscape, farmland, housing developments, and industrial enterprises). Unplanned human alteration of the landscape often results in the destruction of the landscape’s natural structure and undesirable secondary processes, such as soil erosion, packing of sand, and pollution of the air and natural waters.


Engels, F. Dialektika prirody. In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch. 2nd ed., vol. 20, pp. 486–99.
Saushkin, lu. G. “Kul’turnyi landshaft.” In Voprosy geografii, collection 1. Moscow, 1946.
Pokshishevskii, V. V. “O nekotorykh zadachakh kompleksnykh fiziko-geograficheskikh issledovanii gorodov.” Ibid., collection 28. Moscow, 1952.
Isachenko, A. G. Osnovy landshaftovedeniia i fiziko-geograficheskoe raionirovanie. Moscow, 1965. A. G. ISACHENKO


References in periodicals archive ?
The place looks greener with an improved landscape.
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The GBP450,000 investment from Groundwork UK and Big Lottery Fund's Community Spaces programme, has helped complete the first phase in the master plan for the green - breathing life back by creating new pathways, lighting and planting as well as places to sit and enjoy the improved landscape.
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Since 1998, Trees Forever, Iowa State University's Department of Forestry, the Agroecology Issue Team of the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture and the National Soil Tilth Laboratory have been exploring potential benefits of improved landscape aesthetics, reduced energy costs, reduced odor and improved wildlife habitat at the farm.
Established in 2008, the annual Intelligent Use of Water Awards program recognizes individuals and organizations whose innovation, leadership, ingenuity and dedication to the management and protection of Earth's most precious natural resource through improved landscape water-efficiency raises the standard for outdoor water conservation.
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The importance of conducting improved landscape and regional assessment of ecosystem function as input to global scale efforts of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme is a major theme of this book.

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