Imre Thököly

(redirected from Imre Thokoly)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thököly, Imre


Born Sept. 25, 1657, in Késmárk, now Kežmarok, Slovakia; died Sept. 13, 1705, in Izmit, Turkey. Leader of the anti-Hapsburg war of liberation of 1678–85 in the Kingdom of Hungary. Count.

In 1678, Thököly united and led separate detachments of kurucok (peasants who struggled against feudalism) that by 1681 had liberated the northeastern regions of Hungary, including ethnically Slovak and Ukrainian territories. In 1682, Thököly, whose troops controlled 13 comitats in the northeastern part of the kingdom, declared himself prince of the territory captured from the Hapsburgs. In that year he became a vassal of the Turkish sultan, who recognized him as the king of Hungary. With the sultan’s aid, he undertook military operations against the Hapsburgs.

Thököly’s rapprochement with Turkey decreased his popularity with the masses and the nobility. The defeat of the Turkish army near Vienna in 1683 also weakened the position of Thököly’s army. In 1685, Thököly’s principality was overthrown. Suspected of treason by the Turks, Thököly was seized and incarcerated in a Turkish prison, where he remained until 1690.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1, "September 11, 1683: Myth of a Christian Europe and the Massacre in Norway"), the famous second siege of Vienna by the Ottomans in 1683 was motivated by the Protestant Hungarian king Imre Thokoly's call for help against the Habsburg-Catholic oppression.
For example, Chapter six links the Popish Plot controversy to Hapsburg-Ottoman relations during the siege of Vienna, without mentioning that English debates about a Catholic succession were colored by the radical Protestant politics of Eastern Europe: namely, Protestant Hungary's rebellious defection to the Ottomans under the anti-Catholic, anti-Hapsburg leadership of Imre Thokoly, who is frequently featured as Titus Oates's accomplice in anti-Whig polemics.
Imre Thokoly, a Hungarian Protestant statesman, born and raised in presentday Slovakia, or "Upper Hungary," called on his allies, the Ottomans, to organize a campaign against the Habsburgs, which culminated in the siege of Vienna.