Diomede Islands

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Diomede Islands

(dī`əmēd), pair of rocky islands in Bering Strait between Alaska and Siberia. The larger island, Big Diomede, is Russian, while the smaller is part of Alaska. At 2 mi (3 km) apart, the Diomedes represent the closest approach of U.S. and Russian land masses. The first European explorer to the islands was the Danish Vitus BeringBering, Vitus Jonassen
, 1681–1741, Danish explorer in Russian employ. In 1725 he was selected by Peter I to explore far NE Siberia. Having finally moved men and supplies across Siberia, Bering in 1728 sailed N through Bering Strait but sighted no land and did not
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 in 1728.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Diomede Islands

 

(Gvozdev Islands), two islands and rocks in the Bering Strait. The western island, Ratmanov Island (with an area of approximately 10 sq km), belongs to the USSR; the eastern island, Little Diomede (Krusenstern) Island, and Fairway Rock belong to the USA. In 1728 one of the islands was discovered by V. Bering’s expedition. In 1732 the Diomede Islands were put on the map by I. Fedorov and M. S. Gvozdev.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.