Inca architecture


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Inca architecture

(1200–1400)
The last of the Pre-Columbian cultures buildings were characterized by megalithic masonry, as exemplified in the ceremonial buildings of the mountain city Machu Picchu, the last fortress to resist the Spanish invaders.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

Inca architecture

The architecture of the Inca Empire in Peru from the 12th cent. until the Spanish conquest in the 16th cent., particularly fortified towns with massive stonework.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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While acknowledging the existence of pre-Inca occupation, prior investigations have emphasized the Inca character of the site and focused excavations especially in sectors with clearly Inca architecture. Precisely to respond to the transformations that occurred during the LIP as a result of the Inca presence at the Co37 and Ujina sites, we performed excavations in sectors D, E and F, which displayed no Inca architecture and had not been previously studied.
It all comes to a climax when they reach the massive city (a combination of Egyptian and Inca architecture) where thousands of slaves are being used to build the structures using domesticated mammoths to pull the loads.
Niles defines the purpose of this work as, "a way to read Inca history and a way to read Inca architecture in light of that history" (xviii).