Inchon


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Inchon,

South Korea: see IncheonIncheon
or Inchon
, city (1995 pop. 2,307,618), Gyeonggi (Kyonggi) prov., NW South Korea, on the Yellow Sea (or West Sea). The country's second largest port, Incheon has an ice-free harbor (protected by a tidal basin) and is the port and commercial center for Seoul.
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Inchon

 

(Chemulpo), a city and port in South Korea, in Kyonggi Province. It is located on the Yellow Sea, near the mouth of the Han River. Population, 525,000 (1966).

Inchon is a transportation junction and major industrial center. Machine-building, metalworking (a motor assembly plant, a shipyard, a metal goods factory), steel, and chemical industries (including the manufacture of nitrogen fertilizers) are located there. Sheet glass and porcelain and earthenware also are manufactured, and there are large textile factories, flour mills, and many handicraft workshops.

The first settlement on the site of the modern city dates from the first centuries of the Common Era. In the Middle Ages (especially beginning in the late 14th century), Inchon was one of the main trade centers of Korea. At the end of the 19th century it was opened to foreign trade.

The harbor of Inchon was the site of the heroic end (1904) of the Russian cruiser Variag and of the gunboat Koreets. In 1919, during the March popular uprising in Korea, there was stubborn barricade fighting by the people of Inchon against the Japanese punitive expedition. In the 1920’s and 1930’s the city was one of the principal centers of the proletarian movement (marked by the founding of Marxist circles and trade union organizations and by the major strikes of 1923–24 and 1930–31).

The Inchon region was the disembarkation site (Sept. 8, 1945) of American troops after the liberation of Korea by the Soviet Army. It was also an American landing site (Sept. 15–16, 1950) during the war in Korea in 1950–53. It is used by the USA as a naval base.

Inchon

, Incheon
a port in W South Korea, on the Yellow Sea: the chief port for Seoul: site of a major strategic amphibious assault by UN troops, liberating Seoul (Sept. 15, 1950). Pop.: 2 642 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Korea World Trade Center Association's 30,000 membership base is drawn largely from existing regional world trade centers in Korea such as Seoul WTC, Taegu WTC and Inchon WTC.
The Inchon factory (with an annual production capacity of 4 million square feet of SPD film) is expected to be fully online in December of this year.
Under the terms of the agreement, Sun Hill Glucose will undertake a scale-up to the 4,500-liter bioreactor level in its fermentation pilot plant in Inchon, Korea, which has the capacity for commercial production of taxol.
In addition to San Francisco International, these facilities include New York's Kennedy International, Los Angeles International Airport, Ben Gurion Airport in Tel Aviv and the newly constructed Inchon Airport, outside Seoul, South Korea.
Later, I would study battles at Yorktown, Gettysburg, Little Big Horn, Belleau Wood, Iwo Jima, Normandy, Monte Casino, Inchon and Khe Sanh where Americans died.
Seoul -- An international consortium led by Marriott Hotels of the US has been selected as the preferred candidate for the construction of a hotel in the Inchon International Airport's international business area.
Meanwhile, several units of the Panther 8x8 are also on order from Athens, Inchon, Obihiro in Japan, and several German airports.
At the start and conclusion of his composition, he uses an ocean drum and solo flute to create a serene natural image of Inchon before and after the battle.
More men were lost liberating Seoul than in the landings at Inchon and the drive inland combined, another painful lesson emphasizing the great equalizer air power had become.
Sun Hydraulics Corporation, with manufacturing and distribution facilities in Sarasota and Manatee County, Florida; Coventry, England; Erkelenz, Germany; and Inchon, Korea is a leading designer and manufacturer of high-performance screw-in hydraulic cartridge valves and manifolds for worldwide mobile and industrial markets.
Young Kun Kim, 64, interfered with the flight crew on an Asiana Airlines jumbo jet from Inchon, South Korea, less than two months after Sept.
Korea's Inchon International Airport Corp is thought to be selling 51% of its stocks some time this year in order to attract foreign capital.