Prior to the study, strength (dynamometry) and ROM (inclinometry
) measures were deemed reliable through a separate pilot, with the ICC test-retest coefficients all being high (0.95-0.99).
Reproducibility and validity of digital inclinometry
for measuring cervical range of motion in normal subjects.
Measures of active lumber spine range of motion can be obtained with a number of methods including visual observation, tape measure/ruler, goniometry, linear measures, and inclinometry.  The method of assessment varies among clinicians and institutions based on factors such as time, educational inclination of the clinician, availability of equipment, and the specific movement or tissue being assessed.
Digital inclinometry is recognised as a reliable and valid measure of joint range of motion.
ROM was evaluated at each visit using dual digital inclinometry
. Pain scores were collected using visual analogue scales.
Comparing the reliability of a trigonometric technique to goniometry and inclinometry
in measuring ankle dorsiflexion.
inclinometry) (Hansson et al., 2006; 2001) using a piezoelectric element.
Part II: Inclinometry of head, upper back, neck and upper arms.
(10,17-22) Novella (13,23) developed a technique using inclinometry
to quantify ankle PF in ballet dancers.
A higher treatment frequency over a shorter duration would have been preferred to optimize treatment response related to manipulative and soft tissue therapy.32 Range of motion assessment, such as dual inclinometry
, would have been preferred over visual assessment.
The first method of measurement was inclinometry
. An inclinometer is a plastic device with a fluid-filled center that is placed on the subject's head for cervical range of motion (ROM) testing.
Previous literature supports the use of each individual variable which is integrated in to the device; Heart rate (HR) through chest mounted electrodes (Grossman et al., 2006; Kent et al., 2009; Leger and Thivierge, 1988; Macfarlane et al., 1989), Breathing Frequency (BF) through respiratory inductive plethysmograghy (Grossman, et al., 2006; 2010; Kent et al., 2009; McCool et al., 2002; Witt et al., 2006), infra-red Skin Temperature (ST) (Burnham et al., 2006; Gant et al., 2006; Hershler et al., 1992; Matsukawa et al., 2000), Tri axial Accelerometry (ACC) (Brage et al., 2005; Powell and Rowlands, 2004; Rowlands et al., 2003) and Posture (P) (inclinometry
) (Hansson et al., 2001; 2006) both the latter variables using piezoelectric technology.