inclusion-exclusion principle

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inclusion-exclusion principle

[¦in‚klü·zhən ′eks‚klü·zhən ‚prin·sə·pəl]
(mathematics)
The principle that, if A and B are finite sets, the number of elements in the union of A and B can be obtained by adding the number of elements in A to the number of elements in B, and then subtracting from this sum the number of elements in the intersection of A and B.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
La inclusion o la exclusion no son estados, son un proceso en el que ambos extremos, inclusion-exclusion, estan en continua e interminable tension, de forma que, el avance hacia uno, solo se puede producir por la reduccion significativa del otro.
Furthermore, the relational inclusion-exclusion dialectic upon which citizenship rests has material consequences for those who are excluded and consequently deemed non-human (89).
43% of the subjects belong to the course Master's degree in Social and Educational Inclusion-Exclusion: Politics, Programs and Practices; 40.7% on the course Master's Degree in Research and Innovation in Nursery and Primary Education, and the remaining 16.3% belong to the Master's Degree in Research, Evaluation and Quality in Education.
This book supplies students with 112 introductory to intermediate combinatorial problems drawn from the AwesomeMath summer program, as well as tools for solving counting problems, proof techniques, and examples related counting basics, permutations and combinations, multinomials, the principle of inclusion-exclusion, Pascal's triangle and the binomial theorem, the double counting principle, the pigeonhole principle, induction, recurrence relations, graph theory, invariants, combinatorial geometry, generating functions, and probabilities and probabilistic method.
The derivation in Section 2 is geometric and explicitly uses the inclusion-exclusion principle.
In Chapter Six, Gerin-Lajoie examines the politics of language in Quebec in relation to the "inclusion-exclusion divide" (141), where she claims knowing French is the most important inclusion factor in Quebec society.
It is for this reason that the paper will make various comparisons with the UK, given the influence that the UK Government has had on the conception of social inclusion-exclusion developed in Australia, particularly the emphasis on market integration as the main marker of 'inclusion'.
Fundamental issues such as making faulty business or medical assumptions or overly strict inclusion-exclusion criteria can derail a clinical trial from the start.
En cada contexto social, los factores que generan inclusion-exclusion son distintos y, como consecuencia, seria en cada contexto espaciotemporal donde cabria identificar tanto los factores que actuan excluyendo, como las personas que se encontrarian en situacion de exclusion, de ahi que un enfoque cuantitativo seria una limitacion para investigaciones de este talante, se opto por un acercamiento a las personas para valorar su situacion a partir de sus propios relatos personales para conocer la interpretacion y el significado que conceden a sus vivencias personales, ademas de dimensionar su situacion en el contexto en el que viven y con una vision historica.