inclusion-exclusion principle

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inclusion-exclusion principle

[¦in‚klü·zhən ′eks‚klü·zhən ‚prin·sə·pəl]
(mathematics)
The principle that, if A and B are finite sets, the number of elements in the union of A and B can be obtained by adding the number of elements in A to the number of elements in B, and then subtracting from this sum the number of elements in the intersection of A and B.
References in periodicals archive ?
Focusing on four research-fields (politics, Political violence, Work, Family), The project will validate innovative analytical concepts of the inclusion-exclusion paradox of women in post-war transitions, And women as cross-boundary mediators .
Se descartan nociones binarias (incluido o excluido) para plantear un continuum inclusion-exclusion por el que se desplazan sujetos y colectivos en ambos sentidos.
This book supplies students with 112 introductory to intermediate combinatorial problems drawn from the AwesomeMath summer program, as well as tools for solving counting problems, proof techniques, and examples related counting basics, permutations and combinations, multinomials, the principle of inclusion-exclusion, Pascal's triangle and the binomial theorem, the double counting principle, the pigeonhole principle, induction, recurrence relations, graph theory, invariants, combinatorial geometry, generating functions, and probabilities and probabilistic method.
It is for this reason that the paper will make various comparisons with the UK, given the influence that the UK Government has had on the conception of social inclusion-exclusion developed in Australia, particularly the emphasis on market integration as the main marker of 'inclusion'.
Fundamental issues such as making faulty business or medical assumptions or overly strict inclusion-exclusion criteria can derail a clinical trial from the start.
En cada contexto social, los factores que generan inclusion-exclusion son distintos y, como consecuencia, seria en cada contexto espaciotemporal donde cabria identificar tanto los factores que actuan excluyendo, como las personas que se encontrarian en situacion de exclusion, de ahi que un enfoque cuantitativo seria una limitacion para investigaciones de este talante, se opto por un acercamiento a las personas para valorar su situacion a partir de sus propios relatos personales para conocer la interpretacion y el significado que conceden a sus vivencias personales, ademas de dimensionar su situacion en el contexto en el que viven y con una vision historica.
La dicotomia inclusion-exclusion es referida desde las fortalezas que manifiesta la cultura ciudadana democratica, no solo como una retorica discursiva, sino como una practica de reconocimiento y apropiacion de la subjetividad del si mismo en el devenir de la convivencia.
The DAR will continue the inclusion-exclusion process until the end of November.
Case law pertaining to this important social security benefit suggests three broad areas of concern: inclusion-exclusion dynamics related to access to gratuity rights, the linkage of the denial or grant of payment of gratuity to reward for compliance and punishment for dissent, assertions of managerial prerogatives over the rights of workers in the pursuit of unilateralist dominance over employment relations.
He explains the mathematical tools of basic counting rules, recursions, inclusion-exclusion, techniques, generating functions, bijective proofs, and linear algebraic methods then demonstrates how to used them to analyze many combinatorial structures.
Hoy, cuando el "signo de los tiempos" en clave sociologica es la inclusion-exclusion, la espiritualidad cristiana tiene una oportunidad unica de comunicar que Cristo, en cuanto da la vida "por todos", es el signo perenne de los tiempos.
Trial aspects that could be modified include (but not restricted to) inclusion-exclusion criteria, treatment duration, dose, study end-point, evaluation criteria, randomization, study design, sample size, study hypothesis and statistical analysis plan.