Types of the ossicular injuries include incudostapedial joint separation; incudomalleolar joint separation; incus
dislocation; malleoincudal complex dislocation; stapediovestibular dislocation; and fractures of malleus, incus
, and stapes (1).
was intact in 6 (5.9%) patients, lenticular process erosion was observed in 3 (2.9%) patients, long process of incus
was necrosed in 81 (79.4%) patients and body of incus
was destroyed in 12 (11.8%) patients.
Conclusion: As it does not have any additional cost and is easily shaped and biocompatibility problem is not encountered; we recommend using incus
interposition primarily in incus
Thus the first structure which was cut horizontally is the tip of the short crus of the incus
and the pars flaccida of the tympanic membrane.
ams will take full ownership of Incus
, including all of its patent-protected IP.
Or the use of glass ionomer cement to repair incus
long process defects is a suitable method that improves hearing in pediatric patients .
Founded at the Innovation Birmingham Campus in 2013, Incus
Games comprises four acclaimed games developers, audio designers and script writers.
, a bank holding company chartered in the British Virgin Islands, owns a majority of Laredo National Bancshares, the parent of Laredo National Bank and South Texas National Bank, all of which are in Laredo, Texas.
Austin in 1971 classified ossicular defects into group A having malleus and stapes intact and erosion of long process of incus
being the most common defect,  group B with only malleus and absent stapes, group C with only stapes and absent malleus, group D with absent malleus and stapes suprastructure.
Examination revealed an effusion in the left middle ear with a Sade grade 2 pars tensa retraction and a Tos stage 4 self-cleansing attic retraction pocket; an erosion of the long process of the incus
was also observed (figure).
An Institution-Affiliated Party Of Incus
Co., Ltd., and Laredo National Bancshares, Laredo, Texas