Independent Labour Party


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Independent Labour Party

 

(ILP) founded in Great Britain in January 1893, when the strike struggle had been reactivated and there was a growing movement for Great Britain’s working class to have a policy independent of the bourgeois parties.

The ILP’s leaders were J. K. Hardie and J. R. MacDonald. Its platform called for a struggle for the collective ownership of all the means of production, distribution, and exchange; the introduction of an eight-hour workday; the prohibition of child labor, and the introduction of social security and unemployment compensation. From the very beginning the ILP adopted bourgeois reformist positions and concentrated on the parliamentary struggle and on making parliamentary deals with the Liberal Party. Characterizing the ILP, V. I. Lenin wrote that it was “actually an opportunist party that has always been dependent on the bourgeoisie” (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 39, p. 90).

In 1900 representatives of the ILP attended a conference that led to the formation of the Labour Representation Committee, which was renamed the Labour Party in 1906. Although the ILP was a collective member of the Labour Party, it tried to maintain its ideological and organizational independence until the beginning of World War I (1914–18). During the war the ILP’s leaders adopted a bourgeois pacifist position. In 1932, when there was an ideological split in the Labour Party, an ILP conference decided by a majority vote to leave the party. However, many ILP members joined the Labour Party in 1947.

REFERENCES

Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed. (Spravochnyi torn .... part 1, p. 418.)
Vinogradov, V. N. U istokov leiboristskoi partii (1889–1900). Moscow, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ties to the Independent Labour party (and a long-running affair with Labour party stalwart Keir Hardie) also developed.
Huddersfield historian Cyril Pearce says: "Percy was a member of the Huddersfield branch of the British Socialist Party, a Marxist Socialist party to the Left of the Independent Labour Party whose Huddersfield members had all agreed to oppose the war and that all its young men would refuse to fight.
It was this historic decision which led to the formation of the Scottish Labour Party, the Independent Labour Party and the Labour Representation Committee across Britain.
They can continue gazing mournfully into their navels, pondering the pros and cons of an independent Labour party and what the focus groups would say about a swing to the left or a smidge to the right.
Mr Smillie, who lives at Higher Kinnerton in Flintshire, is a great grandson of Robert Smillie, one of the founders in 1893 of the Independent Labour Party, the forerunner of today's Labour Party.
He and wife Lillian were members of the Independent Labour Party and would be politically active in the city for the next 50 years.
According to the Independent Labour Party (ILP) weekly The New Leader (15.
Liverpool's Labour Party leader Joe Anderson said the resignations were not significant and said while the five had defected to Mr Wareing's independent Labour Party, 15 others had joined the Labour Group in the last two weeks.
of Oxford) presents seven original and three reprinted essays on such aspects as British perceptions of Spain and its civil war 1931-39, the lost art of Felicia Browne, the eclipse of the Independent Labour Party, John Langdon Davies and Catalonia, and the Spanish War in British politics since 1939.
1893 Keir Hardie formed the British Independent Labour Party
By the mid-1880s, socialism was manifest in the form of the Social Democratic Federation and Socialist League--the Independent Labour Party was founded within a decade.
Maxton, who sat in Parliament for the Independent Labour Party in the middle years of the last century, was described by Winston Churchill as 'the greatest parliamentarian of his day'.

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