On a serious note, the works of most of the philosophers mentioned above were officially banned by the Catholic church and included in the Index of Prohibited Books
(or Index Librorum Pohibitorum, to give it its impressive Latin name.)
Suspicion of the new technology by Church leaders and its vigorous use to spread the reformers' doctrines led to the first Index of Prohibited Books
, finalized in 1564.
In the meeting of the Congregation of the Index on 16 April 1757, it was decided to suppress the clause "all books teaching ..." (Libri omnes docentes) from the Decrees of 1616-1620, and the clause does not appear in the Index of Prohibited Books
Nonetheless, as a result of Galileo's aggressive insistence on the physical reality of the Copernican system, De revolutionibus was placed on the index of prohibited books
In 1559 Pope Paul IV established the Index of Prohibited Books
. The grave danger presented to established authority by the printing press was that controversial speech could be disseminated more rapidly to a wider audience.
The subsequent affair also includes episodes such as the Church's acceptance of Copernicanism through the removal from the 1835 Index of Prohibited Books
of Galileo's Dialogue and Copernicus's De revolutionibus; the declaration that scripture is not a scientific authority in Pope Leo XIII's encyclical Providentissimus Deus (1893); and the partial rehabilitation of Galileo by Pope John Paul II (1979-92).
This theory in turn informed the creation of the Index of Prohibited Books
issued by the Spanish Inquisition.
Perhaps the most famous banned book list ever is the Catholic Church's now defunct Index of Prohibited Books
. Established by Pope Paul IV in 1557, the Index was first published by the Congregation of the Inquisition two years later.
1555 Pope Paul IV places the Prince and the Discourses by former papal ambassador Niccolo Machiavelli on the Index of Prohibited Books
But by the middle of the century, schoolmasters that used them became suspect, and in the first papal Index of Prohibited Books
(1559) even the strictly grammatical and rhetorical works were proscribed.
The remainder of the book is concerned with sixteenth-century proposals for the censorship of the Lives that Bauer uncovered in the archives of the Index of Prohibited Books
stored in the Archives of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, which were opened to scholars in 1998.
Which measure of orthodoxy should scholars apply: the Council of Trent, which met after Erasmus's death; the Index of Prohibited Books
, which censured Erasmus's publications and was suppressed in 1966; the Second Vatican Council, which issued no disciplinary canons and did not define dogmas?