Jammu and Kashmir

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Jammu and Kashmir:

see KashmirKashmir
, region and former princely state, 85,714 sq mi (222,236 sq km), NW India, NE Pakistan, and SW China. Kashmir is bordered on the west by Pakistan, on the south by India, and on the north and east by China.
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Jammu and Kashmir

 

(Kashmir), a territory in South Asia. Area, 222,000 sq km. Population approximately 5 million. Under the Indian constitution, Jammu and Kashmir is a state in the Republic of India. The chief city is Srinagar. A part of Jammu and Kashmir is controlled by the government of Pakistan.

Natural features. The territory of Jammu and Kashmir is crossed from northwest to southeast by high mountain ridges that are part of the Karakoram Range and the western Himalayas. There are glaciers, and on the slopes there are coniferous and broad-leaved forests. In the northeast the climate is mountain subtropical, which is dry with below-freezing winters. The southwest is monsoonal and warm. The important rivers are the Indus, with its tributary the Gilgit, and the Jhelum. The best developed and economically the most important area is the fertile Vale of Kashmir, located in the southwest at an elevation of approximately 1,600 m, between the Pir Panjal Range and the Great Himalayas.

Economy. More than 80 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture. The sown area totals approximately 700,000 hectares (ha), of which 312,000 ha are irrigated. Concentrated in the Vale of Kashmir is one-third of all the arable land and most of the staple crops—rice (area sown, 239,000 ha; yield in 1968-69, 487,000 tons), wheat (200,000 ha sown; 210,000 tons), and corn (241,000 ha sown; 222,000 tons). Market gardens, orchards (walnuts, almonds, apples, pears, peaches, and other fruits), and plantations of medicinal herbs are of commercial importance. The range breeding of sheep (1.2 million head), goat raising (600,000 head), cattle raising (1.8 million head), and buffalo raising (400,000 head in 1966) also play an important part in the economy. A traditional occupation is the raising of silkworms.

The principal export from Jammu and Kashmir to other areas of the country is timber. Resin is collected in the forests, and fur resources are exploited (otters and leopards). Hydroelectric power resources are estimated at 6.6 million kilowatts, with a total power station capacity of approximately 44,000 kilowatts (1969). There is extensive cottage industry producing rugs, shawls, embroidery, jewelry, and items made of wood, papier-mâhe, and leather. There are silk-reeling and woolen mills, woodworking and machine shops, and leather and rug workshops in Jammu and Kashmir.

The mild climate and scenic landscapes of the Vale of Kashmir have won it fame as an international tourist attraction.

G. V. SDASIUK

Jammu and Kashmir

the official name for the part of Kashmir under Indian control
References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier Pakistan has categorically rejected New Delhi's claim that Indian Kashmir is its integral part.
Pakistan is a significant party to the Kashmir dispute and any change to the status of Indian Kashmir is likely to derail the process of normalization of ties between the two countries.
Khokher briefly shared the history of Kashmir Black Day and said the key objective of Tuesday's event was to highlight the human rights violations in Indian Kashmir.
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On Saturday, thousands of police and paramilitary troops fanned out across Indian Kashmir preparing for any protests and violence that might break out following the announcement of the execution.
Several rights groups, including political groups in Indian Kashmir, have said that Guru did not get a fair trial.
The school is a branch of one of the oldest missionary-run schools in Indian Kashmir.
Eighty soldiers, all in need of emergency medical care, have been found during search-and-rescue operations currently under way at Gulmarg, 50km northwest of Srinagar, the main city in Indian Kashmir.
Pervez Rasool - who plays for Jammu and Indian Kashmir - had been staying in the stadium complex in Bangalore where Champions League Twenty20 ties were due to be played.
Singh said the area of terror operations extended to all parts of India including Indian Kashmir.
Summary: Troops killed four Muslim rebels in Indian Kashmir as a separatist strike paralyzed the restive region Saturday in protest against celebrations marking India's 1947 independence, police
Summary: The group blamed for the Mumbai attacks has vowed to fight on in Indian Kashmir as five days of violence leave 25 people dead.
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