Indian Removal Act


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Indian Removal Act,

in U.S. history, law signed by President Andrew Jackson in 1830 providing for the general resettlement of Native Americans to lands W of the Mississippi River. From 1830 to 1840 approximately 60,000 Native Americans were forced to migrate. Of some 11,500 Cherokees moved in 1838, about 4,000 died along the way.

Bibliography

See study by C. Saunt (2020).

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In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, forcing the five major tribes in the Southeast--the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, and Seminole--to move from the lands they'd long called home and trek west in long, brutal marches known as the "Trail of Tears" (see "Key Dates").
Jackson promised a "just and liberal policy" toward American Indians in his first inaugural address, after which he signed into law the unjust and illiberal Indian Removal Act of May 1830.
It also ponders how the political revolution of United States coincided with the Lakes Indian movement toward political confederation, and considers the impact of the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
Over several years, the Cherokee protested both the Indian Removal Act of 1830, signed by President Andrew Jackson, and the Treaty of New Echota, which set the conditions for their removal.
Trump held the ceremony honouring the Navajo code talkers in the Oval Office, where he has hung a large portrait of Jackson, who in 1830 signed the Indian Removal Act that led to the forced removal, relocation and deaths of thousands of Native Americans from the American South.
Jackson refused to implement it retorting: "John Marshall has made a decision, now let him enforce it." In 1830, Jackson signed the "Indian removal act," which forced what remained of the Cherokee Indians in the east to start a long march westward, which they called the "Trail of Tears." Four thousand of the 15,000 who took the journey died of hunger, disease or exhaustion.
There may be no president in history that represents this notion better than Jackson, who signed the (https://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llsl&fileName=004/llsl004.db&recNum=458) Indian Removal Act and (https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Indian.html) announced with "pleasure" the "benevolent policy of the government" to resettle "Indians" far from white settlements.
Attempts at racial cleansing began long before the Jim Crow era, from the federal Indian Removal Act of 1830 through the systemic failures of Reconstruction.
On a negative note, the book has no index and there are a few lapses in editing (e.g., two references to the Indian Removal Act of 1832--it should be 1830).
But when President Andrew Jackson, who had amassed a fortune appropriating choice tracts of native land both legally and illegally, cajoled Congress into passing the Indian Removal Act of 1830, nothing could save the Cherokee from the forced 1,000-mile march known as the Trail of Tears.
1830: The US Congress passes the Indian Removal Act, which leads to the (in theory voluntary) resettlement of major Native American tribes from the south-east of the country to federal land west of the Mississippi - sparking the events known as the "trail of Tears" and violent resistance in Florida known as the "Seminole Wars".
She noted that Jackson was also responsible for the Indian Removal Act of 1830, and his face on the currency is a grim reminder of that.

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