Indian Reorganization Act


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Indian Reorganization Act,

legislation passed in 1934 in the United States in an attempt to secure new rights for Native Americans on reservations. Its main provisions were to restore to Native Americans management of their assets (mostly land); to prevent further depletion of reservation resources; to build a sound economic foundation for the people of the reservations; and to return to the Native Americans local self-government on a tribal basis. The objectives of the bill were vigorously pursued until the outbreak of World War II. Although the act is still in effect, many Native Americans question its supposed purpose of gradual assimilation; their opposition reflects their efforts to reduce federal condescension in the treatment of Native Americans and their cultures.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, the federal government allowed tribes to adopt constitutions or other governing documents.
Even though some tribal courts already incorporate procedures similar to those used in the federal courts, any mandatory change would interfere with a tribe's sovereignty and undermine the Indian Reorganization Act. By relaxing the TLOA and VAWA restrictions, tribes would be able to keep their tribal customs in place while still protecting their members.
Likewise, the Parliament of Canada has yet to offer any substantive legislation in the vein and magnitude of a modern day Indian Reorganization Act, even though numerous sources have pointed to that type of solution.
The final chapter approaches the Indian Reorganization Act through attention to the commissioner of Indian Affairs who proposed it, John Collier, who had also been at Taos with Luhan and whose initiatives in Indian policy, Pfister argues, institutionalized many of the perspectives on Native people circulating there.
Responding to questions from the interviewers, the narrators described their personal histories and their people's history after Oneida removal to Wisconsin from the years prior to the 1887 Dawes Allotment Act through World War I, the Great Depression, and the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act (Wheeler-Howard Act or Indian New Deal) which reversed the Dawes Act allotment process and authorized tribal self-government.
The Indian Reorganization Act, for example, diminished Lemhi influence in reservation affairs by transferring more power to the Shoshone-Bannocks.
Her study centers on the century starting with the Indian Removal Act of 1830 through the Dawes Act of 1887 that granted reservation land to individual tribesmen, to the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 that returned certain land to Indian tribes.
The research will focus on three influencing factors: the original form of tribal government, the Treaty of 1855, and the acceptance of the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934.
THE INDIAN REORGANIZATION ACT: CONGRESSES AND BILLS.
We had a landslide vote to stay with the Indian Reorganization Act because we got the land under that act.
The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, also known as the Wheeler-Howard Act, inaugurated a sweeping change of policy in Native American affairs.

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