Indian Territory


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Indian Territory,

in U.S. history, name applied to the country set aside for Native Americans by the Indian Intercourse Act (1834). In the 1820s, the federal government began moving the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Choctaw, and Chickasaw) of the Southeast to lands W of the Mississippi River. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 gave the President authority to designate specific lands for them, and in 1834 Congress formally approved the choice. The Indian Territory included present-day Oklahoma N and E of the Red River, as well as Kansas and Nebraska; the lands were delimited in 1854, however, by the creation of the Kansas and Nebraska territories. Tribes other than the original five also moved there, but each tribe maintained its own government. As white settlers continued to move westward, pressure to abolish the Indian Territory mounted. With the opening of W Oklahoma to whites in 1889 the way was prepared for the extinction of the territory, achieved in 1907 with the entrance of Oklahoma into the Union. See OklahomaOklahoma
, state in SW United States. It is bordered by Missouri and Arkansas (E); Texas, partially across the Red River (S, W); New Mexico, across the narrow edge of the Oklahoma Panhandle (W); and Colorado and Kansas (N).
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Bibliography

See study by C. Saunt (2020).

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Indian Territory

area set aside for the Indians by the U.S. government. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 1331]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
By the fall of 1861 all five "Civilized Tribes" in Indian Territory had committed themselves to the Confederacy.
According to police sources, the incident took place when the group of 15 to 20 people attempted to enter the Indian territory at the Fulkandi Border Outpost under Patharkandi area of Karimganj.
The People's Liberation Army troops apprehended the five Indian nationals along with their cattle inside the Indian territory in Chumar area, a remote village on Ladakh- Himachal Pradesh border, which China claims as its own territory.
"The occupation of Indian territory by Chinese is the biggest insult and a very shameful matter for India.
According to dpa, Khurshid's planned visit comes against the backdrop of India's complaint to China that the latter's troops had intruded into Indian territory in the Ladakh region of its northern state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Even as the controversy over Chinese incursion nearly 10 km inside the Indian territory in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir refuses to die, yet another provocation by the neighbouring country has now come to light.
Indian media reported on Saturday a "deep incursion" into the Indian territory in Jammu and Kashmir, by Chinese troops on April 15, although Indian authorities termed the incident as a confusion over the "differences in perception" of the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
Remaining Chickasaw in Indian Territory, 1830s-1907.
trying to sneak into the Indian territory when they were noticed by Indian
Watie and his army had been fighting with elements of the Cherokee who had violently resisted removal to Indian Territory in Oklahoma.
African Cherokees in Indian Territory: From Chattel to Citizens, by Celia E.