Indigenismo

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Indigenismo

 

(Indianismo), a tendency in the social thought, fine arts, and literature of the countries in Latin America in which Indians constitute a significant part of the population and the tradition of their ancient culture has been preserved. It developed in the 1920’s and 1930’s when many artists and writers, under the influence of the growing working-class and peasant movement, turned to depicting the life of the Indians. Peruvian Indigenists in painting (J. Sabogal, K. Bias, J. Codesido, and J. Vinatea Reinoso), relying on the tradition of folk art, created poetic images of Indian life. Indigenists in literature from Peru (E. López Albújar, C. Alegria, and J. M. Argüedas), Bolivia (A. Argüedas and M. Mendosa Lopez), and Ecuador (F. Chavez and J. Icaza) wrote a number of novels depicting the tragic condition of the Indians and their struggle for their rights. The themes of working life of the Indians and their struggle for liberation play an important role in Mexican painting (D. Rivera and F. Goitia) and literature (E. Abrey Gomez and G. López y Fuentes).

REFERENCES

Kuteishchikova, V. N. Roman Latinskoi Ameriki v XX veke. Moscow, 1964.
Polevoi, V. M. Iskusstvo stran Latinskoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
He argues that with the help of "ethnic brokers"--that is indigenous intellectuals who now work within national/regional institutions--the erasing of "lo indio" through 19th century nationalism and 20th century government programs of mestizaje and indianismo has turned more recently into a process of "resignificacion" and conversion of "lo indio" into a symbol of worth and participation within indigenous communities (11).
Certainly this was the case in Haiti, where the white and mulatto elites were practically destroyed, or in Mexico where the revolution of 1910 saw the rise of what is called Indianismo with a political-ideological focus on Mexico's Indian heritage and a downgrading of the Spanish European cultural and political heritage.
Atraves dessa reversao de imagens, "tratava-se de um indianismo inverso, inspirando-se no selvagem brasileiro de Montaigne (Dos Canibais), no "mau selvagem", que exercia sua devoracao desabusada contra os impostos do civilizado (25)".
2) Indianismo and katarismo are ethnopolitical ideologies which imbue the last decades of indigenous mobilizations and struggles in the Bolivian Andes.
Contra essa literatura de falsificacoes - nelas incluido o indianismo - proclamou-se a superioridade do retrato fiel da sociedade e dos homens, dos seus costumes e vivencias, descritos com verdade e imparcialidade.
Em oposicao ao ideal romantico fundador da nacionalidade, nem natureza tropical, nem indianismo grandiloquente sao mais capazes de restaurar o ideario da nacao, que jaz mergulhado na noite de seus espectros.
11) Robert Stare quite correctly notes that before its identification as a symptom of the postmodern, the postcolonial, and the post-nationalist moment, hybridity has been a "perennial feature of art and cultural discourse in Latin America--highlighted in such terms as mestizaje, indianismo, diversalite, creolite, raza cosmica .
Indianismo e indigenismo en America (Madrid: Alianza Editorial/Quinto Cententario, 1990).
The bill represents the approach advocated by the indianismo current of thought on indigenous rights, one that emphasizes political and socioeconomic self-determination.