Indic languages

Indic languages,

group of languages belonging to the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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Indic Languages


(also called Indo-Aryan languages), languages that originated in the ancient Indie branch of the Indo-European family. They are most closely related to the Dardic and Iranian languages, which, like the Indie languages, can be traced back to the Indo-Iranian linguistic community. The Indie languages are spoken mainly in the northern part of India and in Pakistan, Sri Lanka (in the southern half of the island), and Nepal. Indie languages that are official languages include Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati, Punjabi, Oriya, and Assamese in India; Urdu, Bengali, Punjabi, and Sindhi in Pakistan; Nepali in Nepal; and Sinhalese in Sri Lanka.

The modern Indie languages share a number of features that to a certain extent are explained by the subsequent development of tendencies peculiar to the Prakrits and by interlanguage contacts.

A rather rich literature exists in the Indie languages (Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Punjabi, and so on). The Indie languages use numerous alphabets that are historical variants of the Brahmi alphabet (including Devanagari, “Bal-Bodh,” and Gurmukhi), or Arabic and Persian writing, as well as specific local alphabets (Grantha, Lahnda, and others).

Significant contributions to the study of Indie languages have been made by J. Beames, R. Hoernle, R. G. Bhandarkar, G. A. Grierson, J. Bloch, T. G. Bailey, S. K. Chatterji, and R. L. Turner.


Zograf, G. A. Iazyki Indii, Pakistana, Tseilona i Nepala. Moscow. 1960.
Grierson, G. A. Linguistic Survey of India, vols. 1-11. Calcutta, 1903-28.
Bloch, J. L’Indo-Aryen, du Veda aux temps modernes. Paris, 1934.
Bailey, T. G. Studies in North Indian Languages. London, 1938.
Chatterji, S. K. Indo-Aryan and Hindi. Ahmadabad, 1942.
Turner, R. L. A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages. London, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
Some Turkic and Indic languages that have been influenced by Persian are Pashto, Ottoman Turkish, Chagatai and Sindhi.
His poetry has influenced Persian literature as well as Urdu, Punjabi, Turkish and some other Iranian, Turkish and Indic languages written in Perso-Arabic script e.
Several Indic languages also use a sun-related word for Sunday, as in Ravi-vasara or Aditya-vasara, where vasara means day, and Aditya and Ravi serve as a manner of address for the solar deity Surya.
At an earlier stage in India civet-like products appear to be known at first by terms derived from Indic languages and they are not terribly prestigious: they do not feature widely in perfumes and (almost) never in Sanskrit literature.
The research resulted confirming that it is a systematised mixture of Indic Languages and Omani Arabic.
Support for Indic languages is available in the GNU Linux platform, not only in Kannada but also other languages," said Professor Renuka Prasad, who teaches computer science at RV College of Engineering in Bangalore.
There are 100 billion pages on the Internet, of which 20-30 million are in Indic languages, says Prasad Ram, Director, India Research Labs, Google.
Partners with Indian University to Offer Translator Certification in Indic Languages to Meet Growing Need for Qualified Translators
Chapter 18 mirrors the function of Chapter 16 in that it offers seven case studies on morphological change: from Old English to Modern English, from Old High German to New High German, from Latin to French, from Vedic to modern Indic languages, from Archaic Chinese to Mandarin, from Classical Arabic to Modern Arabic, as well as on morphological change in Tok Pisin.
In addition to Nepali and the Indic languages, LLP supports a broad range of languages including Albanian, Basque, Malay, Vietnamese and Welsh.
Persian and other Iranian languages, and Hindi/Urdu and other Indic languages.
However, I know of no closely related usage in Indic languages.