Indic languages

Indic languages,

group of languages belonging to the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Indic Languages


(also called Indo-Aryan languages), languages that originated in the ancient Indie branch of the Indo-European family. They are most closely related to the Dardic and Iranian languages, which, like the Indie languages, can be traced back to the Indo-Iranian linguistic community. The Indie languages are spoken mainly in the northern part of India and in Pakistan, Sri Lanka (in the southern half of the island), and Nepal. Indie languages that are official languages include Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati, Punjabi, Oriya, and Assamese in India; Urdu, Bengali, Punjabi, and Sindhi in Pakistan; Nepali in Nepal; and Sinhalese in Sri Lanka.

The modern Indie languages share a number of features that to a certain extent are explained by the subsequent development of tendencies peculiar to the Prakrits and by interlanguage contacts.

A rather rich literature exists in the Indie languages (Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Punjabi, and so on). The Indie languages use numerous alphabets that are historical variants of the Brahmi alphabet (including Devanagari, “Bal-Bodh,” and Gurmukhi), or Arabic and Persian writing, as well as specific local alphabets (Grantha, Lahnda, and others).

Significant contributions to the study of Indie languages have been made by J. Beames, R. Hoernle, R. G. Bhandarkar, G. A. Grierson, J. Bloch, T. G. Bailey, S. K. Chatterji, and R. L. Turner.


Zograf, G. A. Iazyki Indii, Pakistana, Tseilona i Nepala. Moscow. 1960.
Grierson, G. A. Linguistic Survey of India, vols. 1-11. Calcutta, 1903-28.
Bloch, J. L’Indo-Aryen, du Veda aux temps modernes. Paris, 1934.
Bailey, T. G. Studies in North Indian Languages. London, 1938.
Chatterji, S. K. Indo-Aryan and Hindi. Ahmadabad, 1942.
Turner, R. L. A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages. London, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is facilitated by Indic languages and voice search in the country.
Google Assistant is now available in seven more Indic languages, including Bengali, Tamil, and Gujarati.
Services like online banking, job search or ticket booking (which is the most popular e-commerce activity in India) still have very low local content usage and there is a critical need to increase delivery of such services in Indic languages to promote usage, the report added.
"More specifically, we have witnessed at least 20 per cent improvement in translation quality for all Indic languages currently supported by Microsoft," the company said.
This book attests to the author's comprehensive grasp of the Buddhist sources in classical Chinese and Indic languages. Antonello Palumbo is also able to read scholarly works in several modern languages, including Chinese, Japanese, French, German, and Italian, and thus can utilize a large amount of relevant information to enrich his understanding of the issues.
Some Turkic and Indic languages that have been influenced by Persian are Pashto, Ottoman Turkish, Chagatai and Sindhi.
homes include: Hindi, Urdu or other Indic languages (2.2 million); French (2.1 million); Tagalog (1.7 million); Vietnamese (1.4 million); German (1.2 million) and Korean (1.1 million).
In the following section a brief outline about official Indic languages and scripts is provided.
His poetry has influenced Persian literature as well as Urdu, Punjabi, Turkish and some other Iranian, Turkish and Indic languages written in Perso-Arabic script e.g.
(7.) Several Indic languages also use a sun-related word for Sunday, as in Ravi-vasara or Aditya-vasara, where vasara means day, and Aditya and Ravi serve as a manner of address for the solar deity Surya.
This suffix, also found in Palestinian Domari, is common in Kurdish and some Indic languages (Matras 1999:15).
We aim at involving and encouraging sharing of content and knowledge for and by this large Indic language population by building open source tools and technologies to make it easier for reading and editing articles on Wikipedia in Indic languages.