Indigofera


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Indigofera: Indigofera suffruticosa, Indigofera tinctoria

Indigofera

 

a genus of shrubs or grasses of the family Leguminosae. The leaves are deciduous and, for the most part, compound imparipinnate; the flowers are monoecious, usually pink, purple, or white, and are found in axillary racemes. The fruit is a linearly cylindrical (rarely, almost spherical) bean. There are approximately 300 Indigofera species growing in tropical and subtropical regions.

In the USSR there are three species (I. gerardiana, I. potaninii, I. kirilowii) cultivated in the Crimea, Western Transcaucasia, and Middle Asia. Many Indigofera species contain the glycoside indican, which yields the blue dye indigo; the most important species are I. unctoria and I. anil.I

References in periodicals archive ?
Indigofera consists of approximately 700 species worldwide and occurs on all major land masses, but is most abundant in Africa and Asia (Isely, 1990).
The Omani Ministry of Social Affairs and Development identified an area of land in the Interior, as having been used for indigofera cultivation many years ago, so the quality of the land was believed to be high, since indigofera tinctoria is a nitrogen rich, fertilising plant.
The exudate is predominantly lipid in Parkia pendula, Inga congesta, Swartzia dipetala, Taralea oppositifolia and Gliricidia sepium', protein in Crotalaria lanceolata', lipoprotein in Bauhinia curvula, Hymenaea courbaril, Indigofera lespedezioides and Desmodium incanum', and composed of lipids and polysaccharides in Tipuana tipu and Platycyamus regnelli (Table 2).
India is lucky to have several species of indigenous or cultivated Indigofera that are rich in indican.
coffee senna (1) Senna occidentalis L hairy indigo Indigofera hirsuta L narrowleaf cudweed Gnaphalium falcatum Lam.
Indigofera Linnaeus (draft for Flora of China project).
Caption: 3 Painting of the Indigofera tinctoria plant in a William Roxburgh journal.
This bioassay was also employed to assess upland and wild rice against Echinocldoa crus-galli, Indigofera hirsuta, and Lactuca sativa (Maneechote & Krasaesindhu, 1996) and Triticum spp against wild oat (Avena fatua) and Indian hedge mustard (Sisymbriu m orientate) (Hashem & Adkins, 1998).