Indirect Speech

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reported speech

When we tell other people what someone else told us, it is called indirect or reported speech. We use reporting verbs to introduce the information that was spoken previously.
The most common so-called “reporting verbs” are say and tell. When we use tell, we need to use another person’s name, or a personal pronoun representing him or her, as an indirect object.
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Indirect Speech


or indirect discourse, the speech of some person transmitted by a speaker (or writer) in a sentence clause subordinate to his own phrase, which introduces the discourse.

During the transmission of indirect speech, the utterance is transformed according to certain rules. For example, the indirect speech of a third person is transmitted as (in Russian): On skazal, chto budet doma (”He said that he will be at home”).

References in periodicals archive ?
6--The percentage of the use of indirect speech in female writers is more than male writers.
Professor Christopher Scheepers, a joint author of the study, said: "Direct speech quotations are generally assumed to be more vivid and perceptually engaging than indirect speech quotations as they are more frequently associated with depictions of voices, facial expressions and co-speech gestures.
The Dual Voice: Free Indirect Speech and Its Functioning in the Nineteen Century European Novel.
Page argues that Anne's state of mind is conveyed both by the syntax and the lexical range of the passage: "the peculiar advantages of direct and indirect speech are combined to fashion a medium which brings the reader close enough to the character's consciousness to have a sense of something at times resembling interior monologue, yet at the same time preserves the kind of objectivity .
Accordingly this utterance is known as an indirect speech act.
Direct and indirect speech are encapsulated in the scale >nat (indirect, direct) / speech.
Dizque is also widely used to introduce indirect speech.
Free Indirect Speech can be employed for several purposes.
He correctly identifies the use of "quod" to introduce indirect speech as a universal feature of Christian and medieval Latin that sometimes survives in authors of the humanist age, and he makes no attempt to link this to the English vernacular (J.
Verbal behaviors related to these descriptors include the presence of politeness markers, tag questions, verbal hedging, euphemistic and supportive-responsive speech, inclusive reference, and indirect speech.
Deutscher's use of the term "reported speech" to refer to direct speech is confusing, for in other linguistic works it is rather the parallel of indirect speech.
The three main parts of the study look in turn at narratorial control of and commentary on the narrative, the narrator's control of the discourse of characters through the use of direct, indirect, and free indirect speech, and finally the question of location of the source of point of view in relation to the narrative and the discourse of the characters.