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1. Biology
a. a single animal or plant, esp as distinct from a species
b. a single member of a compound organism or colony
2. Logic
a. an object as opposed to a property or class
b. an element of the domain of discourse of a theory



the indivisible unit of life on the earth. It is impossible to subdivide an individual without losing those qualities that permit the organism to be termed an individual. The individual is the smallest unit that is subject to the action of evolutionary factors within a given biological species. The concept of individual is applicable in full measure only to non-colonial organisms; strictly speaking, the concept is not fully applicable to colonial and symbiotic organisms and organisms that reproduce vegetatively.



a philosophical category referring to a real object as a totality uniting and correlating its two antithetical aspects—the particular and the universal.

Usually the individual is regarded only as something that mediates between the particular and the universal. For example, the concept “Russian” is something universal in relation to each particular Russian and something individual in relation to the concept “Slav.” The concept “Slav” is something universal with respect to the concept “Russian” and something individual in relation to the concept “human being.” But this is only an extensional, quantitative relation. It is correct, but insufficient for comprehending the essence of the category of the individual. Upon closer examination, we see that the individual is not merely an intermediary link between the particular and the universal; it is primarily a principle that unifies the particular and the universal within some totality.

In the cognitive process, the opposites universal and particular are transcended in the category of the individual, which expresses the universal in its real, particular embodiment and expresses the particular in its unity with the universal. Thus, the individual is the realized universal. For example, the Great October Socialist Revolution may be regarded as a concrete, particular manifestation of the lawlike regularities of socialist revolution. The individual is conceived as distinct from all else and as having something that no other objects have; at the same time it is conceived as having manifold connections and lawlike relationships with other objects.

The category of the individual is relative, mobile, and fluid. In one respect, the individual may “approximate” the universal and function and be conceived as something universal in relation to its own particular; in other cases it may function and be conceived as the particular in relation to its own universal. The individual stands, as it were, between the universal and the particular, at the same time including them both “within itself.” The category of the individual is a very important aspect of the cognitive movement into the depth of an object, of the ascent from the abstract to the concrete.


References in periodicals archive ?
First, the disabled individual must met all the essential eligibility requirements in spite of his disability.
Knowledge and skills are trainable, as long as the individual has the aptitude and interest in acquiring them.
Thus, the plain meaning of the statute permits a trust to take a full deduction only for those costs that could not have been incurred by an individual property owner.
In cases where an individual must develop an entirely new career path subsequent to the onset of disability, some consumers may need assistance in acquiring the necessary decision making and problem solving skills to allow them to reach their goals (Batorski & McAlpin, 1992, Bishop, 2005; Emener, 1992; Rubin & Roessler, 2001; Syzmanski & Parker, 1996).
Policy capturing appears to be an appropriate methodology for exploring the ways that image norms affect organizational outcomes and individual career decisions at different stages of development.
Continued struggling, as well as prolonged restraint, likely will cause a violent individual to suffer severe exhaustion that may result in sudden death.
9) John's work reminds us that the centrality of the individual in his/her own social world is, perhaps, the most tangibly real and consistent feature of history across time and space.
Equality is an attribute of individuals; rights attach to individuals; the securing of individual rights is the great object of government; and the consent of individuals defines its "just powers.
A preface, as it was used in the Constitution, was given to explain why the Founding Fathers thought that that particular portion of the Constitution was necessary (in this case, the preface explains why the individual right to own guns was necessary).
A school-based resource person would have an understanding of how to confront the at-risk individual, discuss concerns with parents, and make a referral to an appropriate professional source (Smolak et al.
The Alexander Technique, developed in 1904 by Australian actor Frederick Matthias Alexander, is a procedure where an individual learns to rid her body of harmful tension and stress, and cultivate relaxation.
The Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA) is committed to leveraging the contributions of community organizations comprised of individuals with disabilities.

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