Industrial Association

Industrial Association


in the USSR, an organ of economic management, the middle element in the three-level system of industrial management. An industrial association is a single production and economic complex consisting of industrial enterprises, scientific research organizations, design organizations, planning and design organizations, technological organizations, and other units. It may also include production associations and combines.

The first industrial associations were formed in 1965 and 1966. Beginning in the early 1970’s, whole sectors of industry were managed through industrial associations, including the instrumentation, chemical, petroleum, and lumber industries. By the decree of Mar. 2, 1973, Some Steps to Further Improve Industrial Management (Collected Decrees of the USSR, 1973, no. 7, art. 31), the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR obliged ministries and departments of the USSR and the councils of ministers of the Union republics to ensure the transition to two- and three-level industrial management systems, where the central element is the industrial association.

A distinction is made between all-Union industrial associations, which are directly subordinate to ministries and departments of the USSR, and republic industrial associations, which are subordinate to ministries, departments, or the councils of ministers of the Union republics. Both types of industrial associations exercise comprehensive management of the production and economic processes in a subsector of industry or in some large area of a subsector. The basic principles concerning the organization and activity of industrial associations are defined by a general statute on the all-Union and republic industrial association that was ratified by the Council of Ministers of the USSR on Mar. 2, 1973 (Collected Decrees of the USSR, 1973, no. 7, art. 32). An association is managed by an association chief, who organizes the association’s work and bears full responsibility for its activity. A collective organ, a council of directors headed by the association chief, is formed to coordinate the interests of the association with the interests of the enterprises and organizations belonging to it, to make use of the knowledge and experience of guiding specialists, and to increase the responsibility of enterprises and organizations for the results of the economic activity of the industrial association as a whole.

Characteristic features of the activity of the industrial association include organization on the basis of khozraschet (economic accounting) and comprehensive management of production and economic processes. The administration of the association is both the management body for the constituent enterprises and organizations and an independent organization, operating on the basis of khozraschet, that fulfills production and economic functions in a centralized manner. Contractual principles are the basis for the relations of the industrial association as a whole, and of the administration of the association and its enterprises and organizations with other enterprises and organizations. Relations within the industrial association itself are also built on contractual principles.

The comprehensive character of the way production and economic processes are managed in industrial associations ensures uniformity of action by all the association’s enterprises and organizations. It also provides for the conduct of scientific research and planning development work. It ensures the creation of new materials, machines, equipment, assembly components, and technological processes and their introduction into production. It helps satisfy the material and technical needs of the enterprises and organizations belonging to the associations and ensures the marketing of output. Such centralized activity is carried on not only within the industrial association but outside it as well, in relations with other elements of social production. This frees the enterprises and organizations in the industrial associations from auxiliary functions. It also permits the enterprises and organizations to concentrate their efforts on production activity and creates additional opportunities for raising labor productivity and the efficiency of all social production.


References in periodicals archive ?
The case had been initiated on complaint from four employer associations a Bulgarian Industrial Capital Association, Bulgarian Industrial Association, BCCI and Confederation of Employers and Industrialists in Bulgaria.
National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) president and CEO General Craig McKinley, USAF (Ret.
In an statement issued here after listening to point of view of the representatives of Ferozepur Road Industrial Association (FRIA), the LCCI President Sheikh Mohammad Arshad said that low gas pressure is like non-provision of gas.
The LCCI President Sheikh Mohammad Arshad made this demand in a meeting with a delegation of Ferozepur Road Industrial Association (FRIA) led by its Chairman Khawaja Shahzeb Akram here.
Speaking during a conference organized by the Industrial Association, the minister even accused the political class of deliberately neglecting the industry in Lebanon.
7:All postings and transfers of police officials should be done in consultation with concerned town/ industrial association.
Business leaders from a number of trade and industrial associations including Lahore Township Industrial Association, Ferozepur Road Industrial Association, Katarbund Road Industrial Association, Kahna Kacha Industrial Association, Anjuman-e-Tajiran Pakistan, Qoumi Tajir Ittehad, Anjuman-e-Tajran Badami Bagh Auto Market, Township Traders Association, Pakistan Auto Parts Manufacturers and Exporters Association, Anjuman-e-Tajran Urdu Bazar, and Brandreth Road Traders Association had already raised voice over long hours of power outages that is hitting hard to their businesses.
The institutions holding the sector back the most are Customs, the Ministry of Environment, the municipal authorities and the Directorate General of Internal Revenue, revealed a study by the Economist Intelligence Unit's Industrial Association.
Addressing representatives of various industrial associations including Chairman Lahore Township Industrial Association Zaheer Bhutta, Vice Chairman Shahzad Mughal, Mehmood Ghaznvi of Katarband Road Industrial Association, Shahid Baig and Adnan Butt of Ferozepur Road Industrial Association, the PIAF chief said that giving free access to officials of Directorate General of Intelligence and Investigation (DGI&I) to search business or manufacturing premises for obtaining records, stocks, data, accounts statements and utility bills was totally unjustified and the FBR should withdraw it.
Bhopal, April 28 -- With an objective to educate industrial workers on the various types of emergencies that can happen at the work place, on the occasion of world day for Safety and Health at work place on April 28, GVK Emergency Management and Research Institute in association with Govindpura Industrial Association conducted an awareness programme on Tuesday on 'Safety at Workplace' in Govindpura Industrial area.
DAU and the National Defense Industrial Association will sponsor offerings of the Defense Systems Acquisition Management (DSAM) course for interested industry managers at the following location during fiscal 2006:
Industrial association chairman Mike Devereux said the levy will "provide an even more comprehensive package of security measures and improvements".

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