Industrial Unions


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Industrial Unions

 

trade unions organized on the industrial principle, whereby blue-collar and white-collar workers in the same plant or industry belong to a single union. Unlike craft unions, trade unions organized on the industrial principle (one union local for each plant and one union for each industry) make it possible to overcome the fragmentation of workers in different trades and to draw large numbers of unskilled as well as skilled workers into the trade unions.

The movement to establish unions on the industrial principle, rather than on the prevailing craft principle, gained momentum in the early 20th century. Under the impact of the rising mass labor movement in the capitalist countries, the industrial principle triumphed in a number of union organizations, including the General Confederation of Labor in France, the Italian General Confederation of Labor, and many unions in Great Britain and the USA. The unions in the USSR and other socialist countries are organized on the industrial principle.

References in periodicals archive ?
An enterprise union's organizational capacity is influenced by whether it operates company towns: industrial unions composed of enterprise unions with company towns have a higher capacity to mobilize votes.
(The CFL, of course, made no mention of foreign ownership.) Like the Niagara Institute, the CFL professed to favour collective bargaining, while its chief goal was to fight against industrial unions. (39)
In the following essay I will describe how I use music in my discussions of the rise of the industrial union movement in Birmingham, Alabama.
Unions that organize workers providing such services may play visible public roles similar to those of the big industrial unions of a generation ago.
It was born of the men and women who sat down at Flint and streamed into industrial unions, who marched on Washington for sustenance and work.
The basic institutional arrangements that governed labor relations in West Germany through the postwar period were centralized collective bargaining through strong but "responsible" industrial unions, combined with significant codetermination rights for labor representatives to participate in plant-level decision making.
And if traditionally male industrial unions balked at foundation crusades to improve the status of minority workers, a white-collar union with many female members, the United Federation of Teachers, bitterly opposed the Ford Foundation's support for decentralization of the New York City public school system.
1936: The Guild affiliates with the American Federation of Labor and the next year with the Congress of Industrial Unions.
McCartin notes the limited degree of success in organizing industrial unions. He attributes this to employer resistance, the craft orientation of the AFL and the limited power and focus of the Labor Board, attempting to ensure war production rather than increase union strength per se.
The valiant, painful, at times innovative, yet often ultimately futile struggles of the TWUA in New England foreshadowed many similar wrenching changes and challenges that eventually engulfed the most powerful industrial unions in the United States.
The nation's major industrial unions and the employers' confederation, whose contract disagreement prompted the strike, didn't talk yesterday and the government has said it won't intervene.
Likewise, service-sector unions, which resemble industrial unions in their political rhetoric (but not in their political activism) are hypothesized to be influenced by a conservative community context.

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