Infant Feeding


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Infant Feeding

 

the systematic feeding of infants. There are two kinds of feeding: natural, or breast, feeding and artificial feeding. The milk of another woman may be used in natural feeding, but the mother’s milk is preferable. Mother’s milk contains all the substances necessary for the life and growth of the child. It also has antibodies, which provide the child with a high level of resistance to many infantile infections during the course of breast feeding. Children usually receive breast milk until the age of one year.

Artificial feeding is necessary in cases where the mother has no milk or for various other reasons (an illness of the mother, innate defects of the child’s sucking apparatus, or intolerance on the part of the child to the mother’s milk or to human milk in general, for example). Since human milk differs in composition from animal milk (cow, goat, buffalo, and so on) milk formulas are used which dilute animal milk with rice, oat, or buckwheat broth and have sugar and sometimes cream added (in order to approximate the composition of human milk). In some cases kefir, cottage cheese, and buttermilk are prescribed. In the case of artificial feeding, the milk must be supplemented with vitamins (cod-liver oil and fruit, berry, and vegetable juices).

With artificial feeding it is especially important to monitor weight gain in the child. Additional foods are prescribed after four or five months when the nutritive substances contained in breast milk are no longer sufficient for the child’s correct development. Porridge, fruit and vegetable purees, grated apples, blancmange, pudding, egg yolks, and, after eight months, ground meat are used as supplemental foods. After six months a child may have undiluted cow’s milk or kefir. The dairy industry distributes cow’s milk and milk formulas in powdered form in addition to preserved homogenized fruit and vegetable purees and other types of supplemental foods. The introduction of additional foods and the transition to artificial feeding are to be carried out only with a doctor’s permission.

N. R. SHASTIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Table I summarises the key studies that have contributed towards the body of knowledge on HIV and infant feeding.
Couples, PMTCT programs and infant feeding decision-making in Ivory Coast.
midwife Rachel Wood with baby William Howland, infant feeding co-ordinator Jackie Scott with Zach Scrivens and midwife Helen Buckley with Josh Dewsbery.
The Women's hospital runs a similar infant feeding clinic, which is very well attended so it is obvious that another was needed on a different day.
Reliance on the printed word undoubtedly supported mothers in making decisions about infant feeding and care, particularly when they disagreed with the practices of their baby nurses.
The new Natural Bottle is compatible with the entire Philips AVENT infant feeding range and only uses the Natural nipples - available in newborn, slow, medium and fast flow.
Dana Hunter, from the infant feeding team, said: "The response was brilliant - we must have spoken to 50 mums who wanted to know more.
Infant feeding and HIV: avoiding transmission is not enough.
Pediatric Nurse Practitioners are a vital resource for families to help them make informed decisions about infant feeding.
City health trust NHS Coventry has been award a threeyear cash boost of pounds 83,500 to appoint a new infant feeding coordinator and a team of peer workers to support breastfeeding mothers.
A study among infants of HIV-positive mothers in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, looked at safety of infant feeding interventions aimed at reducing mother-to-child HIV transmission in Africa (either formula feeding or shortened breastfeeding).
com can easily shop 24 hours a day through categories of baby products including: Kids Furniture, Baby Bedding, Infant Feeding and Nursing, Baby Travel Gear, Kid Play Time, Baby Bath and Bed Time and Nursery Decor.

Full browser ?