infant botulism


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Related to infant botulism: Clostridium botulinum

infant botulism

[‚in·fənt ′bäch·ə‚liz·əm]
(medicine)
Botulism that involves ingestion of Clostridium botulinum spores with subsequent germination and toxin production in the gastrointestinal tract, found mostly in children aged 6 months or younger.
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Though infant botulism can come from several sources, it is most often traced to honey which was given to infants under six months of age.
baratii type F infant botulism have been reported in the United States; this is the third confirmed case in Iowa.
Antibiotic treatment or changes in the infant diet, such as weaning or a change from breast to formula milk, have sometimes been associated with cases of infant botulism and may have disturbed the infant gut flora, enabling C.
BabyBIG[R], derived from the blood of human donors vaccinated with a pentavalent (ABCDE) toxoid vaccine, is only available for infant botulism (141).
If the germ gets into a baby's intestine it can grow and produce a toxin or poison, leading to infant botulism.
There have been only 11 confirmed cases of infant botulism in the last 30 years, but three of these have been in the last year and all have had possible links to honey.
Infant botulism occurs predominately in infants younger than 6 months of age; however, there have been reports of cases being a few days old through 12 months of age.
About 100 cases of infant botulism are reported annually in the United States.
It has been suggested that these cases are comparable to infant botulism and may occur when the normal gut flora have been altered as a result of surgical procedures or antibiotic therapy.
The number of cases of foodborne and infant botulism has changed little in recent years, but wound botulism has increased because of the use of black-tar heroin, especially in California.
The move, affecting two powder formulas made by SMA Nutrition, comes after tests at the home of a five-month-old girl who contracted infant botulism.
Baby food manufacturer SMA Nutrition is to issue a product recall for two of its powder formulas which have been linked to a recent outbreak of infant botulism, the Food Standards Agency said yesterday.